28 November--2 December 2006
Honolulu, Hawaii

Greeting and Invitation from ASA and ASJ Presidents


Local Meeting Committee
Technical Program and Special Sessions
Other Technical Events
Opening Plenary Lectures
Online Meeting Papers
Meeting Program
Abstract Submission Guidelines
Audio-Visual Equipment
Special Equipment and Computer Equipment
Poster Session Boards
Projection Guidelines for Authors
Audio/Visual Preview Room
Best Paper Awards for Students and Young Presenters
Special Meeting Features
Student Transportation Subsidies
Young Investigator Travel Grant
Students Meet Members for Lunch
Banquet, Awards Ceremony, and Social Events
Women in Acoustics Luncheon
Transportation and Hotel Accommodations
Air Transportation
Ground Transportation
Driving Directions for Airport
Hotel Accommodations
Room Sharing
Child Care
Hotel Reservation Information
Committee Meetings
Assistive Listening Devices
Accompanying Persons Program
Registration Information
Instructions for Submitting Abstracts via the World Wide Web
Instructions for Preparing Paper Abstracts
Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme (PACS)

Dear Acoustician,

We enthusiastically invite you to attend the fourth joint ASA/ASJ joint meeting which will be held from 28 November to 2 December on the beautiful island of Oahu, Hawaii. The meeting will be at the Sheraton Waikiki Hotel where it has been held for the previous three meetings (1978, 1988, and 1996).

Those of you who have attended these meetings before know that this is a beautiful site on the Pacific Ocean with access to many shops and restaurants. The fact that Hawaii is located between North America and Asia provides a special opportunity to meet with colleagues from these two continents, as well as from around the world. The meeting will start on a Tuesday and finish on Saturday to allow U.S. members to enjoy the full Thanksgiving holiday, and not have to travel on the busy Sunday preceding the meeting. For those who wish to stay longer, Internoise 2006 will meet in the same hotel immediately following the joint ASA/ASJ meeting.

We look forward to receiving your abstract and seeing you in Hawaii.

Anthony Atchley, President, Acoustical Society of America (2006-2007)
Yōiti Suzuki, President Acoustical Society of Japan (2005-2007)



Contributed papers are welcome in all branches of acoustics. The technical program will consist of lecture and poster sessions. Technical sessions will be scheduled Tuesday through Saturday, 28 November–2 December.

Every effort will be made to schedule contributed papers in accordance with author and organizing committee preferences. However, authors should be prepared to accept assignment to poster sessions. Assignments will take into account: a) author preference, b) program balance, and c) organizing committee instructions. Papers will be rejected if they do not comply with the instructions.

The special sessions that are planned for the meeting are described below. Authors of invited papers must indicate on their abstracts the title of the special session in which they have been invited to participate. Authors of contributed papers have the option to request placement of their abstracts in these sessions. If no special session placement is requested, papers will be scheduled in sessions with papers of similar technical content.



Acoustic scattering by aquatic organisms
(Joint with Underwater Acoustics)
Advances in applications, laboratory measurements and theoretical modeling of acoustic scattering by pelagic and benthic organisms

Acoustic tomography for coastal and deep water applications
(Joint with Signal Processing in Acoustics)
Recent advances in ocean acoustic tomography in both coastal and deep water, including experimental research, model simulations and theory


Acoustic scene analysis
Problems of auditory scene analysis in a broad range of species that use hearing to solve a variety of tasks

Fish bioacoustics: A tribute to Arthur Myrberg
To honor the memory of Professor Myrberg and his contributions to animal bioacoustics

Remote monitoring of biological sounds
(Joint with Underwater Acoustics)
Remote acoustical monitoring technologies and methodologies for the study of aerial and aquatic wildlife; results of behavioral studies using remote monitoring

Vertebrate vocal production: Themes and variations
Review the impressive progress made in the last decade in understanding the physics and physiology underlying vocal production in vertebrates


Acoustic design for Green buildings
(Joint with Noise)
Architectural designs responsive to U.S. Green and LEED certifications and Japan's CASBEE certifications do not specifically address good acoustical design practices

Acoustics of large indoor and outdoor performance spaces
Issues in acoustic design, measurement or electroacoustic reinforcement/enhancement relating to large indoor and outdoor performance spaces

Computer modeling of room acoustics
Research and developments in computer modeling of room acoustics

Measurement of room acoustics
New technologies to measure impulse response, reverberation time, and problems for measurements; standards and their application; prediction and results of measurements; uncertainty of measurements

Psychological aspects of speech in rooms
(Joint with Speech Communication and Psychological and Physiological Acoustics)
To encourage collaboration among speech and architectural acoustics researchers

Recent developments in acoustical materials and structures
(Joint with Structural Acoustics and Vibration, Noise, and Engineering Acoustics)
Numerical study, measurement, and practical installation techniques for sound insulation and absorption

Session in Honor of Manfred R. Schroeder
(joint with Speech Communication, Musical Acoustics, Psychological and Physiological Acoustics and Signal Processing in Acoustics)
Honoring Manfred R. Schroeder, his contributions and his life in acoustics


Acoustic tomography in tissue
(Joint with Signal Processing in Acoustics)
Use of acoustic tomography to image tissue

Interaction of cavitation bubbles with cells and tissue
Encompasses the formation of cavitation bubbles in human and animal
tissue due to ultrasound exposure, the molecular level effects of bubble-cell interactions and experimental techniques for investigating this phenomena

Celebration of Floyd Dunn
(Joint with Physical Acoustics)
Celebration of the career of Floyd Dunn

Elastic imaging
(Joint with Signal Processing in Acoustics)
Use of ultrasound to determine elastic properties of tissue and the enhancement of ultrasound imaging by elastic deformation of tissue

Topical meeting on shock wave therapy
Latest clinical, regulatory, engineering, and basic scientific advances in shock wave therapy

Ultrasound enhancement of drug activation
Use of ultrasound to enhance the activation of drugs in the body


Demonstrations and tools in acoustics education
Demonstration of tools for acoustics education, including experimental teaching materials, hands-on tools, simulations, visualization and auralization. Topics are introduced in brief lectures, details are demonstrated poster-style, with table space reserved for each presentation

Education in acoustics for children
Educational activities and tools to stimulate children's interest in acoustics and science

Take 5's
Sign up at the beginning of the session. No abstracts required


Acoustic sub-bottom profiling technology
(Joint with Acoustical Oceanography and Underwater Acoustics)
Recent advances in sub-bottom profiling techniques

Developments in microphones: Calibration, standards, and measurements
(Joint with ASA Committee on Standards)
Front end of acoustical measurements including standards

Hearing aids
(Joint with ASA Committee on Standards and Psychological and Physiological Acoustics)
Latest developments in hearing aid technology

New electroacoustic transducers utilizing advanced technologies and materials
Latest work on electroacoustic transducers utilizing advanced technologies and materials

Ultrasonic functional devices
Recent advances in functional ultrasonic devices, including piezoelectric and MEMS-based devices, arrays, sensors, motors and actuators


Acoustic correlates of timbre in music and musical instruments
(Joint with Psychological and Physiological Acoustics)
Evidence for old and new musical timbre correlates using multidimensional scaling of dissimilarity data and other psychometric methods

Comparing Asian and Western instruments
Comparison of the acoustics of Asian and Western musical instruments

Music information and communication
Musical aspects relevant to the player and the audience discussed from viewpoints such as aesthetic evaluation, information retrieval, rhythm recognition, performance skill, and emotional communication

Simulation and measurement techniques for musical acoustics
Recent developments in modeling and measurement of musical instrument structures including flow visualization, input impedance/admittance measures, digital waveguide methods, and novel analysis/synthesis methods


Acoustics of sports
(Joint with Noise, Physical Acoustics, and Structural Acoustics and Vibration)
Topics of acoustical interest relating to athletic sports and their venues; including sounds of the game, acoustical cues, crowd noise, public address systems, incidental entertainment, broadcast and recording of sporting events

Measurement, design, and control of consumer product noise
(Joint with ASA Committee on Standards)
Measurement, design and control of consumer product noise

Prediction and propagation of outdoor noise
(Joint with Physical Acoustics)
Propagation of noise outdoors in urban environments and its prediction

Progress in hearing protection and hearing conservation
(Joint with Speech Communication and ASA Committee on Standards)
Developments in design, application, and measurement of hearing protection and promotion of hearing conservation in both occupational and non-occupational settings

Soundscapes and cultural perception
(Joint with Architectural Acoustics)
Cultural and historical attitudes and influences of soundscape perception


General topics in cavitation and cavitation clouds. Topics include, but are not limited to, sonoluminescence, sonochemistry, dynamics of cavitation clouds, and medical applications

(Joint with Engineering Acoustics)
Low-frequency waves due to natural effects such as volcano activity, weather, storms, and tsunamis

Sonic boom from supersonic aircraft and projectiles
(Joint with Noise)
Recent research on the generation, propagation, measurement, and human response to sonic boom

Sound propagation in inhomogeneous media
(Joint with Biomedical Ultrasound/Bioresponse to Vibration)
Focus on mixtures of solid and liquid materials as well as a mixture of liquid and bubbles

Sound speeds, phonons, and the thermodynamics of condensed matter
Focus on the connection between sound speeds, elastic moduli, and phonons in condensed matter systems and underlying fundamental thermodynamic processes


Auditory grammar
Exploration of how the perceptual allocation of temporal features in forming auditory events may constrain the processing of linguistic and nonlinguistic stimuli. Examples include auditory continuity and phonemic restoration illusions

New insights on loudness and hearing thresholds
(Joint with ASA Committee on Standards)
Relationship between loudness and hearing thresholds

Perception of music and speech: Evidence for modularity and for common processing mechanisms
Longstanding debate continues on whether the perception of speech and music involve shared neural substrates or domain-specific processes. This issue will be addressed from multiple perspectives, including data from individuals with unusual abilities or disabilities


Adaptive acoustic signal processing
(Joint with Underwater Acoustics and Acoustical Oceanography)
Recent developments in adaptive signal processing approaches in air and underwater acoustics

Blind signal processing
Blind source separation and dereverberation of speech and audio signals, blind channel identification of acoustic systems, independent component analysis, sparse component analysis, computational auditory scene analysis

Sensor array and its applications
DOA estimation, microphone arrays, signal enhancement, and applications based on these technologies, e.g., robotics, hands-free speech communication and recognition, and teleconferencing

Spatial sound processing: Control and performance evaluation
(Joint with Architectural Acoustics, Engineering Acoustics, and Psychological and Physiological Acoustics)
Focus on signal processing intended to control spatial auditory imagery associated with headphone and loudspeaker reproduction


Communicative speech synthesis and spoken dialog
State-of-the-art expressive speech synthesis and spoken dialogue systems and their potential in future collaborative research topics in speech communication

Second language acquisition
(Joint with Psychological and Physiological Acoustics)
Explores how researchers in phonetic science and speech technologies might collaborate to create new methodologies for research and new instructional approaches for second-language acquisition

Speech timing and pronunciation training for the Japanese language
Understanding the rhythm of Japanese timing and methods for training in Japanese by foreign speakers


Numerical methods in structural acoustics
Application and validation of numerical methods in structural acoustics and vibration

Vehicle interior noise and vibration
Sources of and propagation paths for vibration in vehicles, such as automobiles, that produce noise inside the vehicle

Vibration and impact sound in buildings
(Joint with Architectural Acoustics)
Vibration generated and transmitted inside and from outside buildings and impact sound generated by human activity inside buildings


Sediment acoustic processes: Quantifying the effects of sediment properties on dispersion, attenuation, reflection, scattering, and buried target detection
(Joint with Acoustical Oceanography)
Recent results on sound speed dispersion and attenuation in marine sediments, acoustics of the surficial transition layer (e.g., bottom reflection and depth dependence of compressional and shear wave velocities), bottom scattering, and buried target detection

Session in honor of Frederick H. Fisher
Honors the many contributions to Fred Fisher to underwater acoustics and acoustical oceanography

Session in honor of Leonid Brekhovskikh
honors the many contributions of Leonid Brekhovskikh to the understanding of wave propagation in layered media

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The 4th joint ASA/ASJ meeting will start with an opening plenary session on Tuesday, 28 November. Two plenary talks will be presented, one by Dr. Lawrence Crum from the ASA and the University of Washington, and another by Prof. Masayuki Morimoto from the ASJ and Kobe University. Dr. Crum's talk is entitled "Therapeutic Ultrasound." He will discuss applications of ultrasound in medicine including: tissue ablation, acoustocautery, lipoplasty, site-specific and ultrasound mediated drug activity, extracorporeal lithotripsy, and the enhancement of natural physiological functions such as wound healing and tissue regeneration. Professor Morimoto's talk is entitled "How can auditory presence be generated and controlled?" He will discuss key results of many listening tests on auditory presence, especially auditory localization (AL) and auditory spatial impression (ASI). AL and ASI are the primary characteristics of auditory sensation associated with the acoustics of a space. This paper aims to explain the relationship between those auditory phenomena and the acoustic signals received by a human listener. The author gave the first demonstration that auditory localization in any direction can be simulated through two loudspeakers using head-related transfer functions (HRTFs).


Papers voluntarily submitted by authors may be obtained at an online site which can be found at scitation.aip.org/asameetingpapers/. Authors of papers to be presented at meetings will be able to post their full papers or presentation materials for others who are interested in obtaining detailed information about meeting presentations. The online site will be open for author submissions in September. Submission procedures and password information will be mailed to authors with the acceptance notices.

Those interested in obtaining copies of submitted papers for this meeting may access the service at anytime. No password is needed.


An advance meeting program summary will be published in the October issue of JASA and a complete meeting program will be mailed as Part 2 of the November issue. Abstracts will be available on the ASA Home Page in October.

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An abstract of not more than 200 words is required for each paper, whether invited or contributed. ABSTRACTS LONGER THAN 200 WORDS WILL BE EDITED OR TRUNCATED. Authors have the option to submit abstracts via the World Wide Web or by postal mail. Abstracts must be prepared in accordance with the instructions given for the submission method selected.


Authors should use only one method of abstract submission, i.e., via the web or by postal mail. For abstracts submitted by postal mail, send one original paper-copy abstract to the Technical Program Chair:

ALL ABSTRACTS MUST BE RECEIVED BY FRIDAY, 30 JUNE 2006. This deadline will be strictly enforced. Abstracts submitted after 30 June 2006 will not be accepted. Authors should allow at least 5 days for delivery of paper-copy abstracts by U.S. or Canadian mail, 2 days for express mail, and 10 days for international air mail. FACSIMILE TRANSMITTED ABSTRACTS OR ABSTRACTS SENT BY E-MAIL WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED. Contributors submitting abstracts via the web will automatically receive acknowledgment that their abstracts have been received. Contributors submitting abstracts by postal mail who desire notification of receipt of their abstracts should include self-addressed postcards. Acceptance notices will be mailed to authors in August.


A contributor in Speech Communication may be the principal author of only one paper, and, subject to time and space limitations, may be the co-author of only one additional paper. Authors contributing papers in Speech Communication are also encouraged to select poster-style presentation.

Contributed papers in Psychological and Physiological Acoustics and Underwater Acoustics may be scheduled for lecture or poster presentation.

While authors may indicate a preference for presentation style, it may not always be possible to honor the request. Authors should be prepared to accept assignment of their abstracts to either lecture or poster presentation.


For abstracts submitted on the World Wide Web, a resubmission number and PIN will be issued for each submitted abstract which constitutes acknowledgment that the abstract has been received by the Society. These numbers will be provided on screen in the final step in the submission process. You will not receive separate acknowledgment by e-mail.

If you do not receive acknowledgment as described above, your abstract has not been received by the Society. Please contact ASA [(516) 576-2360; asa@aip.org] immediately if you have submitted an abstract and do not receive an immediate acknowledgment of receipt or an error message.

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PC computers with audio playback capability and projectors, overhead transparency projectors, and laser pointers will be provided in all lecture sessions. All other equipment is considered to be special equipment. Refer to the "Special Equipment" section below for additional information. Note that Mac computers will not be provided.


Any equipment other than PC computers with audio playback capability and projectors, overhead transparency projectors and laser pointers is "special equipment," and must be separately requested at the bottom of the abstract. Requests for special equipment (i.e., 35 mm slide projectors, VCR's and monitors, dual slide and/or overhead projectors, audiotape playback equipment, CD players or high fidelity audio systems) must be specified on the abstract. Provision of unusual special equipment will depend upon availability and cost. Special software requests should also be made if required.

Please be specific about your audio needs, including number of channels and preferred loudspeaker arrangement.


Poster boards and fastening materials will be provided. If your poster needs to be located adjacent to a power outlet or you require the use of a table, please request these items on your abstract.


A PC computer with audio playback capability and projector will be provided in each meeting room on which all authors who plan to use computer projection will load their presentations. Authors should bring computer presentations on a CD ROM or USB drive to load onto the provided computer and should arrive at the meeting rooms at least 30 minutes before the start of their sessions. Authors also have the option to connect their own laptops to the computer projector as was done at past ASA meetings. Assistance in loading presentations onto the computers will be provided.

Authors are encouraged to bring copies of their presentation materials on overhead transparencies as a backup.

Note that only PC format will be supported so authors using Macs must save their presentations for projection in PC format. Also, authors who plan to play audio during their presentations should insure that their sound files are also saved on the CD or USB drive.

Authors using 35 mm slides should note that they must bring a preloaded carousel to the session. Schedule restrictions will not allow time to load carousels during a session. To ensure that projected material is legible in the rear of a meeting room, lettering should be at least 1/40 the overall height of the projected material, e.g., at least 0.2 inches high on an 8 x 9-inch transparency. Guidelines for use of computer projection will be supplied with acceptance letters.


Transparency presentations, computer presentations and other audio/visual materials can be reviewed by authors in the audio/visual preview room at the meeting.

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Several of the ASA Technical Committees offer Best Paper Awards to students and young presenters who present papers at Society meetings. If you want your paper to be considered for an award, you must indicate this when you submit your abstract. Follow the instructions for the appropriate technical area that appear below.


Acoustical Oceanography, Animal Bioacoustics, Architectural Acoustics, Biomedical Ultrasound/Bioresponse to Vibration (Spring meetings only), Engineering Acoustics, Musical Acoustics, Speech Communication, Structural Acoustics and Vibration, and Underwater Acoustics

For each of the Technical Committees granting awards, up to two awards will be presented to students presenting papers in sessions organized by the specific Technical Committee: $300 for first prize and $200 for second prize.

To qualify for each of these awards, an author must:

---be enrolled as a student at least half-time (graduates are eligible if the work being presented was performed as a student within one year of the meeting). Note that you do not need to be a member of the ASA to qualify.
--- be listed as the first author on the submitted abstract
---present the paper at the meeting
---submit a copy of the presentation materials or a written text to the online meeting papers website by the end of the meeting week, (this is not required for papers presented in a poster session nor for entries in Animal Bioacoustics, Speech Communication and Underwater Acoustics)

The award winners will be selected by a subcommittee of each of the Technical Committees granting awards, based upon the quality of both the content of the paper and its presentation. The awards will be announced either at the meeting of the Technical Committee or after the close of the meeting.

All those who wish to participate in the competition for these awards must indicate their intention by putting the following statement at the bottom of the abstract submitted for the meeting:

For (name of appropriate Technical Committee) Best Student Paper Award


Note that you need not be a student to qualify for these two awards.

Noise and Signal Processing in Acoustics

Noise - Up to three awards of up to $250 each will be given for outstanding papers presented in sessions organized by the Technical Committee on Noise.

Signal Processing - One award of $500 each will be given for outstanding paper presented in a session organized by the Technical Committee on Signal Processing in Acoustics.

To qualify for an award, the paper author must:

---be under 30 years of age as of 1 January 2006
---be listed as the first author of the paper and actually present the paper

Selection of the award winners will be based on the quality of the presented paper, comprising both the content and its delivery. The award winners will be chosen by a subcommittee of the Technical Committee and will be announced after the close of the meeting.

The Award Subcommittees would like to consider papers by all authors who meet the eligibility criteria. Neither membership in the Acoustical Society, nor previous experience in the ASA, is required. Because the committees have no other way to identify eligible authors, however, it is essential that eligible authors identify themselves by placing the following statement at the bottom of the abstract submitted for the meeting:

Submitted For (name of appropriate Technical Committee) Young Presenter Award

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A student transportation subsidies fund has been established to provide limited funds to students to partially defray transportation expenses to meetings. Students presenting papers who propose to travel in groups using economical ground transportation will be given first priority to receive subsidies, although these conditions are not mandatory. No reimbursement is intended for the cost of food or housing. The amount granted each student depends on the number of requests received. To apply for a subsidy, submit a proposal (e-mail preferred) to be received by 24 October to: Jolene Ehl, ASA, Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville, NY 11747-4502, Tel: 516-576-2359, Fax: 516-576-2377, E-mail:
jehl@aip.org. The proposal should include your status as a student; whether you have submitted an abstract; whether you are a member of ASA; whether you will travel alone or with other students; names of those traveling with you; and approximate cost of transportation.


The Committee on Women in Acoustics is sponsoring a Young Investigator Travel Grant to help with travel costs associated with presenting a paper at the Honolulu meeting. This award is designed for young professionals who have completed the doctorate in the past five years (not currently enrolled as a student), who plan to present a paper at the Honolulu meeting. Each award will be of the order of $300. It is anticipated that the Committee will grant a maximum of three awards. Applicants should submit a request for support, a copy of the abstract they have submitted for the meeting and a current resume/vita which provides information on their involvement in the field of acoustics and to the ASA to: Dr. Donna L. Neff, Boys Town National Research Hospital, 555 North 30th Street, Omaha NE 68131; Tel.: 402-452-5069; Fax: 402-452-5027; Email:
neff@boystown.org. Deadline for receipt of applications is 10 October.


The ASA Education Committee provides a way for a student to meet one-on-one with a member of the Acoustical Society over lunch. The purpose is to make it easier for students to meet and interact with members at ASA meetings. Each lunch pairing is arranged separately. Students who wish to participate should contact David Blackstock, University of Texas at Austin, by email
dtb@mail.utexas.edu or telephone 512-343-8248 (alternative number 512-471-3145). Please give Dr. Blackstock your name, university, department, degree you are seeking (BS, MS, or PhD), research field, acoustical interests, and days you are free for lunch. The sign-up deadline is ten days before the start of the meeting, but an earlier sign-up is strongly encouraged. Each participant pays for his/her own meal.

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A buffet social with cash bar will be held on Wednesday evening, 29 November, at the Sheraton Waikiki Hotel.

A banquet will be held on Friday evening, 1 December. Banquet festivities will start at 6:30 p.m. in the Sheraton Waikiki Second Floor Foyer with a no-host social hour. The banquet, starting at 7:00 p.m., features a seven-course Chinese dinner. The awards ceremony will be held at the banquet. There will be a special presentation on Hawaiian music as part of the entertainment. Tickets for the banquet will be $40 each (students $25). Banquet tickets are limited, and are not included in the registration fee. Those who wish to attend the banquet must purchase tickets using the
registration form or online. Banquet ticket sales will close at 5:00 p.m., Wednesday 29 November.


The Women in Acoustics luncheon will be held on Thursday, 30 November. Those who wish to attend this luncheon must register using the
registration form or online. The fee is $15 (students $5) for pre-registration by 24 October and $20 (students $5) thereafter including on-site registration at the meeting.

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Honolulu International Airport (HNL) is located on Oahu and is served by the following airlines: Air Canada, Air New Zealand, Air Pacific Airways, All Nippon Airways, Aloha Airlines, American Airlines, American Trans Air, China Airlines, Continental Air Micronesia, Continental Airlines, Delta Airlines, Hawaiian Airlines, Korean Airlines, Japan Airlines, Japan Air Charter, JTB Aloha Service, Northwest Airlines, Philippine Airlines, Rich International, Quantas Airways, United Airlines. For further information see


Ground Transportation

Airport Waikiki Express provides transportation from the airport to any hotel in Waikiki. Operates 24 hours: Every 25-30 minutes between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 10:00 a.m. and every 20-25 minutes after 10:00 a.m. Fees: Adults (one-way) - $8.00; Adults (round-trip) - $14.00; Children 3 years old or younger ride free.
Baggage - two (2) bags per person - no fee; Golf Bag, Car Seat, Stroller, large boxes and Boogie Boards + any bag over the (2) per person limit - $3.00

Airport Shuttle - Tel. (808) 680-0000
1 person $20.00, ea add'l person $4.00 up to group of 6 (6:00 a.m.-10:00 p.m.) After 10:00 p.m. $5.00 extra for whole group.

Aloha Airport Shuttle - Tel. (808) 538-3355
$30.00 for 4 people or less (minivans hold 4 people + bags)

Car Rental: Most major car rental companies have rental counters at the Honolulu International Airport located in the baggage claim area. The self-parking rate at the Sheraton Waikiki is $10.00 per day and valet parking is $15.00 per day.

AMPCO Express - Tel. (808) 861-8294 is the managing contractor of the Airport's Open Taxi System at Honolulu International Airport. Taxi Service is available on the center median fronting the terminal baggage claim areas. See the taxi dispatchers (white shirts & blue vests with a yellow stripe, and the wording "TAXI" in black & white lettering on the front) for service. The fare from the airport to Waikiki during non-rush hour periods is approximately $25.00-$35.00.

Public Transportation - "TheBus" Service
(808) 848-4500 Customer Service; (808) 848-5555 Route Information Arrival Times: City Buses arrive approximately every 30 minutes depending on route number. Bus stops are located in front of the Interisland Terminal and Lobbies 4 and 7 of the main terminal.
Fees: Adults - $2.00; Children & Students (up to high school) - $1.00; Visitor Pass (Four consecutive day pass. Unlimited use.) - $20.00
Baggage Rules: No backpacks with metal frames allowed. All bags must be able to be placed under the feet or on the lap without protruding into the aisle way. No larger than 18"x24"x12".

Bus Route No. 19:
Eastbound route goes from the airport, then to Kalihi Kai (via Nimitz Highway), downtown Honolulu, the Honolulu Civic Center, Ala Moana Shopping Center and ends in Waikiki. Westbound route goes from the airport and ends at Hickam Air Force Base.

Bus Route No. 20:
Eastbound route goes from the airport, then to Kalihi (via Nimitz Highway), downtown Honolulu, the Honolulu Civic Center, Ala Moana Shopping Center and ends in Waikiki. Westbound route goes from the airport to the Arizona Memorial, Aloha Stadium, Aiea and ends at Pearlridge Shopping Center.

Driving information. From Honolulu International Airport, Take Nimitz Highway to Ala Moana Boulevard, then turn right onto Kalakaua Avenue. Turn right onto Royal Hawaiian Avenue. Parking costs at the Sheraton are $10 per day for self-parking; $15 per day for valet parking.


All meeting functions will be held at Sheraton Waikiki Hotel. A block of sleeping rooms is available at the Sheraton Waikiki Hotel. Please make your reservations directly with the hotel and ask for one of the rooms being held for the Acoustical Society of America (ASA). The reservation cut-off date for the special discounted ASA rates is 24 October 2006; after this date, the conference rates will no longer be available. See page 13 for information on making hotel reservations. See
the section on Hotel Reservation information for information about the hotel and special ASA rates.


ASA will compile a list of people who wish to share an hotel room and its cost. To be listed, send your name, telephone number, e-mail address, gender, smoker or nonsmoker preference, by 11 April to the Acoustical Society of America, preferably by e-mail:
asa@aip.org or by postal mail to Attn.: Room Sharing, Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville, NY 11747-4502. The responsibility for completing any arrangements for room sharing rests solely with the participating individuals.


Weather on all of the Hawaiian Islands is very consistent, with only minor changes in temperature throughout the year. This is due to year-round warm sea surface temperatures, which keep the overlying atmosphere warm as well. In practical terms, there are only 2 seasons: the summer months (called Kau in Hawaiian) that extend from May to October and the winter months (Ho'oilo) that run from November to April. The average daytime summer temperature at sea level is 85 degrees F. (29.4 C) while the average daytime winter temperature is 78 degrees F. (25.6 C). Temperatures at night are approximately 10 degrees F. lower. For additional information on Honolulu's weather, visit


Attendees should be aware that December is a "big wave" season in Hawaii. While waves of 10 to 30 ft are exhilarating to watch, their reach on the beach can be treacherous. We lose a few visitors each year due to lack of respect for the ocean. Swimmers should be aware that stinging jellyfish may reduce the pleasure of a winter swim. Please observe lifeguard warnings and any cautionary notices posted at beaches.

All attendees are cautioned not to carry significant amounts of cash with them, not to carry handbags on their sides next to a street, and not to leave possessions unattended, particularly at beaches or in vehicles parked at beaches and tourist viewpoints. While people generally are quite safe in their persons, Honolulu is a tourist center, and there is a crime element that targets tourists. It is not impolite to refuse solicitations and police should be called if people become too aggressive. Young children should not be left alone in hotel rooms (see Child Care below).


The Sheraton Waikiki provides free child care in its "Children's Center" for guests of all Sheraton Hotels in Waikiki.

The Center programs varied activities, from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., for children ages 5 - 12. A "Convention Care" program is available from 6:00 p.m. to 11:00 p.m. by request for an hourly fee.

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A block of guest rooms at discounted rates has been reserved for meeting participants at the Sheraton Waikiki, the Sheraton Moana Surfrider, the Royal Hawaiian and the Princess Kailuani hotels. (The room block at the Sheraton Waikiki is now sold-out but rooms are still avaialble at the other three hotels at the rates noted below). Note that the special ASA meeting rates are not guaranteed after 24 October 2006. You must mention the Acoustical Society of America when making your reservations to obtain the special ASA meeting rates.


The hotel features a fitness center, two swimming pools, twenty gift and specialty shops and Keiki Aloha Children's Program. See
www.sheraton-waikiki.com/ for further details.

In-room amenities include: Iron and ironing board, in-room safe, hair dryer, cable television, shampoo & conditioner, high-speed internet access, coffee maker, lanai

Please make your reservation directly with the Sheraton Waikiki (Note that you should call or use the online reservation link for the Sheraton Waikiki to make reservations at the other three hotels mentioned above). When making your reservation, you must mention the Acoustical Society of America to obtain the special ASA meeting rates.

Sheraton Waikiki Hotel
2255 Kalakaua Avenue
Honolulu, HI 96815-2571
Tel.: 808-922-4422
Fax: 808-923-8785


Sheraton Waikiki rates [in US dollars; Single/Double occupancy; plus state tax and accommodation tax]:

$159.00 – City View
$170.00 – Mountain View
$190.00 – Partial Ocean View
$210.00 – Ocean Front View
$60.00 – Extra person in room (after 2 people)

Sheraton Moana Surfrider - $180.00

Princess Kailuani - $125.00 - City View; $135 - Ocean View

The Royal Hawaiian - $195.00

Rates are available 3 days prior and 3 days after the contracted dates, based upon availability.

Reservation cut-off date: 24 October 2006

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Meetings of Administrative, Technical and Standards Committees, including Working Groups, will be announced in the printed program if requests are received not later than 30 June 2006. Requests for meeting space, special luncheons, etc., should be made as early as possible to John S. Allen, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Univ. of Hawaii, Holmes Hall Room 302, 2540 Dole Street, Honolulu, HI 96822, alleniii@hawaii.edu.

Requests should be made by postal mail, fax or e-mail and should specify the committee's needs for space, room arrangement, furnishings, catering, and any special equipment. Requesters should note that space is limited, and that late requests can be filled only on a space-available basis.


Anyone planning to attend the meeting who will require the use of an assistive listening device, is requested to advise the Society in advance of the meeting: Acoustical Society of America, Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville, NY 11747-4502, asa@aip.org.


Spouses and other visitors are welcome at the Honolulu meeting. The registration fee for accompanying persons is $50 for preregistration by 24 October May and $75 thereafter, including on-site registration at the meeting. A hospitality room for accompanying persons will be open in the Sheraton Waikiki, from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. each day throughout the meeting where information about activities in and around Honolulu will be provided. There will be a short program daily lasting for about 1 hour and will include activities such as lei making, hula demonstration and history, and other presentations of general interest.

Tourism is the major industry of the State of Hawaii and there are many sites to see, activities to participate in and places to shop. Some examples of interesting sites to visit:

Polynesian Cultural Center on the North Shore of Oahu, about an hour's drive from Waikiki. See re-creation of Pacific Island villages and demonstration of cultural activities. There is an admission price. See the hotel concierge.

Iolani Palace in downtown Honolulu is the only Royal Place in the United States and was built by Hawaiian King David Kalakaua. The restored palace and its furnishings are on display. Guided tour must be reserved in advance and an admission fee is required. For more information call 522-0832 or see the hotel concierge.

USS Arizona and USS Bowfin next to the famous Pearl Harbor. A must see for first-time visitors.

USS Missouri on Ford Island, a part of the Pearl Harbor environment, is a restored battleship on which the surrender documents ending WWII were signed.

Hanauma Bay is the place for you if you ever dreamt of swimming in an aquarium full of fishes. This is the favorite and popular spot for snorkeling in the whole State. Closed on Tuesday with an admission fee of $5/person. 396-4229. Go early and take lots of sun screen.

The Diamond Head hike in the crater of Diamond Head consists of climbing 99 step stairs plus a spiraling staircase and another set of stairs to a WWI vintage outpost with a commanding view of Waikiki.

The Pali lookout is a windy site easily reached by automobile with a commanding view of the windward side of Oahu and the beach town of Kailua and Kaneohe.

Ala Moana Shopping Center is the first shopping center opened in Hawaii and is the most prestigious of all shopping centers in the State. It is located on the town end of Waikiki.

Aloha Stadium swap meet is a place to obtain bargain prices for a wide variety of new items. It is opened on Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday, 8:00 a.m. until 3:00 p.m. This is the place to get all your souvenirs for your family and friends back home.

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The registration desk at the meeting will open on Monday afternoon, 27 November, at the Sheraton Waikiki Hotel. To register use the
downloadable registration form or register online. If your registration is not received at the ASA headquarters by 31 October you must register on-site.

Registration fees are as follows:

                             		Preregistration by  	Registration after
Category                     		24 October            	24 October 

ASA/ASJ Members		            		$350                	$425      

ASA/ASJ Members One-Day    			$175                	$215

Nonmembers                    			$400                	$475

Nonmembers One-Day            			$200                	$240

Nonmember Invited Speakers
One Day Only			    		$0                  	$0

Nonmember Invited Speakers                  	$110			$110
More than one day
(Includes one-year ASA membership 
upon completion of an ASA application)

ASA/ASJ Student Members
with current ID cards)        			$0                  	$0

Student Nonmembers            			$40			$50
(with current ID cards)

Emeritus members of ASA       			$50            	   	$75      
(Emeritus status pre-approved by ASA)

Accompanying Persons          			$50                 	$70
(Spouses and other registrants who 
will not participate in the technical 

Nonmembers who simultaneously apply for Associate Membership in the Acoustical Society of America will be given a $50 discount off their dues payment for the first year (2007) of membership. Invited speakers who are members of the Acoustical Society of America are expected to pay the registration fee, but nonmember invited speakers may register for one-day only without charge. A nonmember invited speaker who pays the full-week registration fee, will be given one free year of membership upon completion of an ASA application form.


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Instructions for the preparation and submission of abstracts on the World Wide Web are provided online.

Acknowledgment that your abstract has been accepted into the database will be issued online automatically in the form of a "Resubmission number" and PIN. PLEASE NOTE THAT UNTIL THESE HAVE BEEN ISSUED YOUR ABSTRAC HAS NOT BEEN ENTERED INTO THE DATABASE.

1. Web Abstract Submission Procedure is accessed on ASA Home Page at

2. Click on "Submit Abstract for the Providence meeting" from the main page

3. Enter Password: Honolulu

4. Next screen will ask you to indicate whether you are submitting a new abstract, wish to view a previously submitted abstract without making any changes or edit a previously submitted abstract.

5. When "New Abstract" is selected, the next screen will contain instructions for selecting the format in which to prepare your abstract, i.e., either straight text or LaTeX. Straight text should be used for abstracts that do not contain any special characters or fonts such as bold, italics, etc. LaTeX should be used for abstracts that contain boldface, italics, speech symbols or mathematical expressions. Select format and click Continue.

6. The next screen will contain a blank template for entering abstract text, author information and other data needed to submit abstract, e.g., Technical Area, presentation format, etc. Online help and an example of a completed template are available from this screen.

7. After completing all REQUIRED and OPTIONAL sections of the template, click Continue. Your abstract will then be processed by a program to detect errors.

8. If the abstract is free of errors, the next screen titled "Good Abstract" will confirm the absence of errors and will display the abstract as it will appear in the printed program. Also shown will be the author contact information. You will be asked to either submit the abstract as it appears or whether you wish to make changes before final submission. If you wish to make changes prior to final abstract submission, the template containing your abstract will be returned to the screen.

9. If the abstract contains errors, a screen is displayed describing the error and giving the approximate line number where the error appears in the LaTeX source file for your abstract. You can either return immediately to the template and fix the error if you know its location or view the LaTeX source document to locate the line on which the error appears. Each line in the source document is numbered for easy location of errors. After locating the errors return to the template to make corrections and resume the submission process.

10. When you are ready for final submission of the abstract, the next screen will contain the Resubmission number and PIN for your submission. This is your acknowledgment that the abstract has been entered into the database. Please retain this number should you wish to view or edit this abstract at a later time (prior to the deadline date). Note that a Resubmission Number and PIN will be issued for each new abstract or resubmission of a previously submitted abstract.

11. If you wish to view a previously submitted abstract without making any changes, select "view only." The next screen will ask for the Resubmission Number and PIN issued at the time you submitted the abstract originally.

When these numbers are entered, the template containing your abstract will be provided. If you do not have the Resubmission and PIN numbers, instructions on how to obtain them are given online. After viewing abstract click exit. You will not receive a new PIN and Resubmission number since you did not make any changes to your original submission.

12. If you wish to revise and resubmit your abstract, select "Resubmission." The next screen will ask for the Resubmission Number and PIN issued at the time you submitted the abstract originally. When these numbers are entered, the template containing your abstract will be provided. If you do not have the Resubmission and PIN numbers, instructions on how to obtain them are given online.

Please remember to use the view only option if you wish to check your abstract without making any changes.

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1. For each meeting paper, one copy of a typed or printed abstract should be sent to the Technical Program Chair of the meeting in time to be received by Friday, 30 June 2006. Allow at least 5 days for delivery within the U.S., and longer from other countries. The deadline date and Chair's address can be found in the "Abstract Submission Guidelines" section of this Call for Papers. If the paper has been invited for a special session, another copy of the abstract should be sent to the session organizer at least a week before the deadline. Telefaxed abstracts will not be accepted. A cover letter is not necessary.

2. Limit abstract to 200 words. Count each word in the body of the abstract but do not count title or authors' names and addresses. Indicate number of words in the abstract at the bottom of the sheet. Displayed equations that are set apart from the text count as 40 words. The Program Organizing Committee has the option to alter abstracts to bring them into compliance with the 200-word limit.

3. Use the format shown in the sample abstract. The paper title and author's name, affiliation, and address should be in a heading set apart from the abstract text. The author's affiliation and address should be set within parentheses, and should be sufficiently complete to ensure delivery of the acceptance notice. If there is more than one author, give the complete address for the author who is to receive the notice. For each of the other authors, give one complete address. One email address will be included in the printed program for each abstract. This should appear immediately after the mailing address for the author whose email address is to be listed.

4. The entire abstract, consisting of the heading, text and the information requested in Section 9 below, must fit on one side of an 8½ x 11-in. or A-4 sheet of paper. The heading and text should be typed or printed double spaced (3 lines/inch), with 10 or 12-point font; but the information requested in Section 9 may be single spaced.

5. Do not use footnotes. References and acknowledgments should be set within square brackets. References should be in standard JASA format, viz., in the sequence: authors, abbreviated journal name, volume number, first and last page numbers, and year.

6. Underline nothing except what is to be italicized.

7. Use passives instead of pronouns "I" and "we," e.g., "It was noted" instead of "We noted." Avoid use of non-standard abbreviations in abstract title. For example, use dB or Hz but avoid use of abbreviations which are not used across many technical areas such as HRTF, NDE, etc.

8. If the letter "I" appears as a symbol, loop the letter by hand to form a long-hand l and write "lc ell" in the margin, so as to distinguish it from the number one. If the letter "O" may be confused with the number zero, write "cap oh" in the margin. Identify phonetic symbols by appropriate marginal notes.

9. Give the following information at the bottom of the abstract, as in the sample:

a. Indicate the number of words in the body of the abstract (see item 2 above)

b. If the paper is intended for a special session, indicate the session title. If invited, state "Invited."

c. Choose and list the Technical Committee most nearly coinciding with the subject matter of the paper. Current Technical Committees are: Acoustical Oceanography, Animal Bioacoustics, Architectural Acoustics, Biomedical Ultrasound/Bioresponse to Vibration, Engineering Acoustics, Musical Acoustics, Noise, Physical Acoustics, Psychological and Physiological Acoustics, Signal Processing in Acoustics, Speech Communication, Structural Acoustics and Vibration and Underwater Acoustics.

d. The name, telephone and telefax numbers (with country and city codes if outside the U.S.) and email address of the author to be contacted for information. Notices and other correspondence will be sent to the author who is listed as the first author in the heading unless stated otherwise at the bottom of the abstract.

e. Describe special equipment desired for the presentation other than a PC computer with audio playback capability and projector, overhead projector or laser pointer. Note that facilities for 35mm slide projectors, VCR's and monitors or dual slide and/or overhead projection are considered special equipment. See the section on audio visual equipment for further details.

f. Indicate a preference (if any) for lecture or poster presentation. If only a lecture presentation is desired, state "Lecture Only," in which case the paper may not be accepted if time is not available. Contributed papers in Speech Communication are encouraged to be submitted for poster presentation.

g. List one complete PACS subject classification number including letters (for example, 43.28.Ae) under which the abstract should be indexed in the braces following PACS (see the "PACS list, in a recent June or December issue of JASA or via ftp in the /PACS directory of ftp.aip.org)

h. If you want to enter your paper in one of the available Best Student Paper Award competitions.

i. Certify that you have complied with the that you have complied with the Ethical Principles of the Acoustical Society of America for Research Involving Human and Non-Human Animals in Research and Publishing and Presentations by entering the following statement: "I have complied with ASA Ethical Principles"


Binaural loudness summation for tones and noise. Albert B. Jones, Jr. (Dept. of Psychology,

Northeastern Univ., 1600 Massachusetts Ave., Boston, MA 02115, abj@server.edu) and Irene J.

Knox (Boston Univ., Boston, MA 02115) The relation between binaural and monaural loudness

was measured by magnitude stimation for a 1000-Hz tone and for band-limited white noise.

Four types of stimuli--monaural and binaural tone, monaural and binaural noise--were presented

frontally at eight sound pressure levels (SPL) in mixed randomly selected sequences. Subjects

were instructed to rate the four stimuli according to a single loudness scale. The loudness of the

monaural and binaural tones was found to be a power function of the mean square sound

pressure, with an exponent near 0.5. The loudness of the noise increased more rapidly at low

SPL than loudness of the tone; at high SPL it increased more slowly. The bow shape of the noise

function would be predicted from loudness matches between wide-band and narrow-band

stimuli. A sound perceived binaurally was 1.3 to 1.7 times louder than sound of the same SPL

perceived monaurally. Results of these direct loudness estimations agree almost perfectly with

earlier results [D.E. McGee and I.J. Knox, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 57, 55-62 (1975)] from another

group of subjects who made loudness matches between binaural and monaural stimuli. [Work

supported by NSF.]

Number of words in abstract: 187
Suggested for special session on Loudness and Perception
Technical Area: Psychological and Physiological Acoustics
Special facility: VCR and 25" color monitor
PACS Subject Classification number(s): 43.66.Cb
Method of presentation: Prefer lecture but willing to give as poster
Human/Animal Subjects: "I certify that I have complied with ASA Guiding Principles"
Student Paper Competition: P&P Telephone Number: 516-576-2360 (I. J. Knox)
FAX: 516-576-2377
Send notice to: I. J. Knox
Email: ijk@server.com

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General Chair -- Whitlow W.L. Au
Technical Program Chair -- Anthony A. Atchley
Audio-Visual -- timothy F. Noonan
Accompanying Persons Program -- Dorothy E. Au
Signs/Publicity -- Marc O. Lammers
Meeting Room Coordinator -- John S. Allen
Food -- David L. Adams
Posters -- Paul E. Nachtigall
Banquet Entertainment -- Todd R. Beiler
Special Affairs -- Neal Frazer
Public Relations -- William Friedl
Consultant -- John C. Burgess


General Chair -- Sadaoki Furui
Technical Program Chair -- Yōiti Suzuki
Technical Program Secretary -- Hiroshi Sato

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