156th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America
Doral Golf Resort and Spa
Miami, Florida
10-14 November 2008

The 156th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America will be held Monday through Friday, 10-14 November 2008 at the Doral Golf Resort and Spa, Miami, Florida, USA. Registration will open on Monday, 10 November, at 7:30 a.m. Technical sessions will be held Monday through Friday

SECTION HEADINGS
  1. HOTEL INFORMATION
  2. TRANSPORTATION AND TRAVEL DIRECTIONS
  3. STUDENT TRANSPORTATION SUBSIDIES
  4. YOUNG INVESTIGATOR TRAVEL GRANT
  5. MESSAGES FOR ATTENDEES
  6. ROOM SHARING
  7. REGISTRATION
  8. ASSISTIVE LISTENING DEVICES
  9. TECHNICAL SESSIONS
  10. TECHNICAL SESSION DESIGNATIONS
  11. TEHCNICAL COMMITTEE OPEN MEETINGS
  12. EXHIBIT
  13. EXHIBIT OPENING RECEPTION
  14. TUTORIAL LECTURE ON AIRCRAFT NOISE PREDICTION
  15. SHORT COURSE ON ULTRASONIC NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION AND MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION
  16. HOT TOPICS IN ACOUSTICS
  17. ROSSING PRIZE IN ACOUSTICS EDUCATION AND ACOUSTICS EDUCATION PRIZE LECTURE
  18. ANSI STANDARDS COMMITTEES
  19. COFFEE BREAKS
  20. A/V PREVIEW ROOM
  21. E-MAIL ACCESS
  22. ONLINE MEETING PAPERS
  23. PROCEEDINGS OF MEETINGS ON ACOUSTICS
  24. BUFFET SOCIALS
  25. PLENARY SESSION AND AWARDS CEREMONY
  26. BUSINESS MEETING OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA
  27. FELLOWS LUNCHEON
  28. STUDENTS MEET MEMBERS FOR LUNCH
  29. STUDENT ICEBREAKER AND STUDENT RECEPTION
  30. COMMITTEE ON WOMEN IN ACOUSTICS LUNCHEON
  31. CHILD CARE
  32. ACCOMPANYING PERSONS PROGRAM
  33. WEATHER
  34. TECHNICAL PROGRAM ORGANIZING COMMITTEE
  35. MEETING ORGANIZING COMMITTEE
  36. PHOTOGRAPHING AND RECORDING
  37. NOTE TO SMOKERS
  38. ABSTRACT ERRATA
  39. GUIDELINES FOR ORAL PRESENTATIONS
  40. SUGGESTIONS FOR EFFECTIVE POSTER PRESENTATIONS
  41. GUIDELINES FOR USE OF COMPUTER PROJECTION
  42. DATES OF FUTURE ASA MEETINGS
1. HOTEL INFORMATION

***Note: The deadline for making hotel reservations at ASA rates has passed.***

A block of guest rooms at discounted rates has been reserved for meeting participants at the Doral Golf Resort and Spa. Early reservations are strongly recommended. Note that the special ASA meeting rates are not guaranteed after 7 October 2008. You must mention the Acoustical Society of America when making your reservations to obtain the special ASA meeting rates.

DORAL GOLF RESORT AND SPA

Situated on 650 tropical acres, the Doral Golf Resort and Spa features 693 rooms and suites cloistered inside ten separate lodges.

The resort features an aquatic recreation area, five championship 18-hole golf courses and five restaurants and lounges. All rooms are equipped with deluxe baths, high-speed internet and fully-equipped mini-bars.

Please make your reservation directly with the Doral Golf Resort and Spa. When making your reservation, you must mention the Acoustical Society of America to obtain the special ASA meeting rates. Alternatively, reservations can be made directly online at the site listed below, which has been set up specifically for the Acoustical Society of America, and has the conference rates and all applicable information incorporated into it.

Doral Golf Resort and Spa
4400 NW 87th Avenue
Miami, FL 33178-2192
Tel.: 305-592-2000; Toll Free: 1-800-228-9290
FAX: (305) 591-6653
www.doralresort.com ROOM RATE

Rates (excluding taxes)
Single/Double: $189.00 USD
Taxes: 13%

Reservation cut-off date: 7 October 2008


2. TRANSPORTATION AND TRAVEL DIRECTIONS

The Miami International Airport, (Airport Code MIA) is served by the following airlines: Air Canada, AirTran, American Airlines, America West Airlines, Continental Airlines, Delta Airlines, Northwest Airlines, Southwest Airlines, Spirit, United Airlines, and U. S. Airways. For further information see
www.miami-airport.com.

The Doral Golf Resort and Spa is located approximately 7 miles from Miami International Airport. Traffic in Miami can be congested at any time of day, but it is particularly slow on weekdays westbound from the airport from about 4:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m., and eastbound from the hotel from about 7:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. Try to avoid these times, or plan on delays. The airport at Fort Lauderdale is 36 miles from the hotel and is a possible alternative.

Taxicabs: A taxi from Miami International Airport to the Doral costs approximately $32.00. There may be additional charges for excess baggage, fuel surcharge and airport fees. Taxicabs are available on the Arrival/Ground Level of the Terminals, outside of the baggage claim area.

Airport Shuttle: A continuously operating shuttle service is available from Miami International Airport to the Doral for $21.00 per person, one-way. There may be additional charges for fuel surcharge and airport fees. Call Super Shuttle at 305-871-2000 for more details or to make a reservation. Super Shuttle vans are available on the Arrival/Ground Level of the Terminals, outside of the baggage claim area.

Automobile Rental: Miami International Airport is served by all major car rental companies. Select rental car companies have registration counters located inside the baggage claim area, on the Arrival/Ground Level of the North and Central Terminal. South Terminal uses the rental car phone center located at the Information and Reservation Boards located on the Arrival/Ground Level and on the 3rd floor. Actual Vehicle pick-up for all companies is not on airport property and is located at various off-site areas which must be accessed by courtesy shuttle vans for each separate rental car company. The airport website suggests stepping outside of the baggage claim area on the median curb on the Arrival/Ground Level and flagging-down your selected company's vehicle as you see them pass by. Miami International Airport does not have any rental car return locations at the terminal facilities. When returning the rental car, please follow the posted signs to the specific company. Be sure to allow at least a half hour for shuttle to the airport. If your company's sign is not posted, contact the rental agency for directions.
For a list of rental car companies, visit www.miami-airport.com/html/car_rental_list.html. Alternatively, Enterprise Car Rental is available in the main lobby of the Doral Hotel. Call extension #6667 for more information or to make a reservation. Hours of operation are: Monday through Friday, 7:30 a.m.-6:00 p.m.; Saturday, 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.; and Sunday, 9:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m.

Driving Information: From East (Airport, Downtown, South Beach): Take State Road 836 West (Dolphin Expressway); Exit NW 87th Avenue North. Follow exit ramp to traffic light (NW 12 Street) and turn left; Turn right at next light (NW 87th Avenue); Travel 2.5 miles to intersection of NW 36th Street; Resort entrance is the next traffic light after NW 36 St on the left hand side. From the Northeast (North Miami Beach, Ft. Lauderdale, Boca Raton, West Palm Beach, Daytona, Jacksonville): Take I-95 South to Exit #12 (826 Expressway, West) also known as Palmetto Expressway; Travel approximately 13 miles to NW 36 Street exit; Travel approximately 1 mile West (right) on NW 36 Street to NW 87th Avenue; Turn right onto NW 87 Avenue. For a map of the hotel location visit www.doralresort.com/About/Directions.asp

The Doral Resort offers complimentary on-site self-parking near the Legends meeting rooms. Valet parking is also available for $22.00 per day.

3. STUDENT TRANSPORTATION SUBSIDIES

Note: The deadline for submitting a proposal for a student subsidy for the Miami meeting has passed.

A student transportation subsidies fund has been established to provide limited funds to students to partially defray transportation expenses to meetings. Students presenting papers who propose to travel in groups using economical ground transportation will be given first priority to receive subsidies, although these conditions are not mandatory. No reimbursement is intended for the cost of food or housing. The amount granted each student depends on the number of requests received. To apply for a subsidy, submit a proposal (e-mail preferred) to be received by 1 October to: Jolene Ehl, ASA, Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville, NY 11747-4502, Tel: 516-576-2359, Fax: 516-576-2377, E-mail:
jehl@aip.org. The proposal should include your status as a student; whether you have submitted an abstract; whether you are a member of ASA; method of travel; if traveling by auto; whether you will travel alone or with other students; names of those traveling with you; and approximate cost of transportation.

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4. YOUNG INVESTIGATOR TRAVEL GRANT

Note: The deadine for submitting a proposal for a young investigator travel grant has passed.

The Committee on Women in Acoustics (WIA) is sponsoring a Young Investigator Travel Grant to help with travel costs associated with presenting a paper at the Miami meeting. Young professionals who have completed their doctorate in the past five years are eligible to apply if they plan to present a paper at the Miami meeting, are not currently students, and have not previously received the award. Each award will be of the order of $300 with three awards anticipated. Awards will be presented by check at the WIA luncheon at the meeting. Both men and women may apply. Applicants should submit a request for support, a copy of the abstract for their presentation at the meeting, and a current resume/vita which includes information on their involvement in the field of acoustics and in the ASA. Submission by e-mail is preferred to Dr. Sarah Hargus Ferguson at
safergus@ku.edu. Deadline for receipt of applications is 30 September.

5. MESSAGES FOR ATTENDEES

Messages for attendees may be left by calling the Doral Golf Resort and Spa at Tel: 305-592-2000 and asking for the ASA Registration Desk during the meeting, where a message board will be located (Legends Ballroom Foyer in Legends Ballroom building). This board may also be used by attendees who wish to contact one another.

6. ROOM SHARING

ASA will compile a list of those who wish to share an hotel room and its cost. To be listed, send your name, telephone number, e-mail address, gender, smoker or nonsmoker preference, not later than 1 October to the Acoustical Society of America, preferably by e-mail:
asa@aip.org or by postal mail to Acoustical Society of America, Attn.: Room Sharing, Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville, NY 11747-4502. The responsibility for completing any arrangements for room sharing rests solely with the participating individuals.

7. REGISTRATION Registration is required for all attendees and accompanying persons. Only persons with registration badges will be admitted to the meeting rooms, Buffet Socials on Tuesday and Thursday, and the Accompanying Persons Program.

Registration will open on Monday, 10 November, at 7:30 a.m. at the Doral Golf Resort and Spa in the Legends Ballroom Foyer in the Legends Ballroom building.

Checks or travelers checks in U.S. funds drawn on U.S. banks and Visa, MasterCard and American Express credit cards will be accepted for payment of registration. Meeting attendees who have pre-registered may pick up their badges and registration materials at the pre-registration desk.

Registration fees are as follows:

Preregistration by Category 20 October Onsite Registration Acoustical Society Members $350 $425 Acoustical Society Members One-Day Attendance* $175 $215 Nonmembers $400 $475 Nonmembers One-Day Attendance* $200 $240 Nonmember Invited Speakers One-Day Attendance* Fee waived Fee waived Nonmember Invited Speakers $110 $110 (Includes one-year ASA membership upon completion of an application) ASA Early Career Associate or Full Members $175 $215 (For ASA members who transferred from ASA student member status in 2006, 2007, or 2008) ASA Student Members (with current ID cards) Fee waived $25 Nonmember Students (with current ID cards) $45 $55 Emeritus members of ASA $50 $75 (Emeritus status pre-approved by ASA) Accompanying Persons $50 $75 (Spouses and other registrants who will not participate in the technical sessions)

Nonmembers who simultaneously apply for Associate Membership in the Acoustical Society of America will be given a $50 discount off their dues payment for the first year (2009) of membership. Invited speakers who are members of the Acoustical Society of America are expected to pay the registration fee, but nonmember invited speakers may register for one-day only without charge. A nonmember invited speaker who pays the full-week registration fee, will be given one free year of membership upon completion of an ASA application form.

NOTE: A $25 PROCESSING FEE WILL BE CHARGED TO THOSE WHO WISH TO CANCEL THEIR REGISTRATION AFTER 20 OCTOBER.

Special note to students who pre-registered online: You will also be required to show your current student id card when picking-up your registration materials at the meeting.

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8. ASSISTIVE LISTENING DEVICES

The ASA has purchased assistive listening devices (ALDs) for the benefit of meeting attendees who need them at technical sessions. Attendees with hearing loss are encouraged to take advantage of ALDs. To do so, ask at the ASA registration desk. If you have problems with an ALD return to the desk for help. Any attendee who will require an assistive listening device should advise the Society in advance of the meeting by writing to: Acoustical Society of America, Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville, NY 11747-4502; Email:
asa@aip.org

9. TECHNICAL SESSIONS

The technical program includes 81 sessions, with 660 papers scheduled for presentation during the meeting.

Session Chairs have been instructed to adhere strictly to the printed time schedule, both to be fair to all speakers and to permit attendees to schedule moving from one session to another to hear specific papers. If an author is not present to deliver a lecture-style paper, the Session Chairs have been instructed either to call for additional discussion of papers already given or to declare a short recess so that subsequent papers are not given ahead of the designated times.

Several sessions are scheduled in poster format, with the display times indicated in the program schedule.

10. TECHNICAL SESSIONS

The first character is a number indicating the day the session will be held, as follows:

1-Monday, 10 November
2-Tuesday, 11 November
3-Wednesday, 12 November
4-Thursday, 13 November
5-Friday, 14 November

The second character is a lower case ''a'' for a.m., ''p'' for p.m. or "e" for evening corresponding to the time of day the session will take place. The third and fourth characters are capital letters indicating the primary Technical Committee that organized the session using the following abbreviations or codes:

AA - Architectural Acoustics
AB - Animal Bioacoustics
AO - Acoustical Oceanography
BB - Biomedical Ultrasound/Bioresponse to Vibration
EA - Engineering Acoustics
ED - Education in Acoustics
ID - Interdisciplinary
MU - Musical Acoustics
NS - Noise
PA - Physical Acoustics
PP - Psychological and Physiological Acoustics
SA - Structural Acoustics and Vibration
SC - Speech Communication
SP - Signal Processing in Acoustics
UW - Underwater Acoustics

In sessions where the same group is the primary organizer of more than one session scheduled in the same morning or afternoon, a fifth character, either lower-case ''a,'' or ''b" is used to distinguish the sessions. Each paper within a session is identified by a paper number following the session-designating characters, in conventional manner. As hypothetical examples: paper 2pEA3 would be the third paper in a session on Tuesday afternoon organized by the Engineering Acoustics Technical Committee; 3pSAb5 would be the fifth paper in the second of two sessions on Wednesday afternoon sponsored by the Structural Acoustics and Vibration Technical Committee.

Note that technical sessions are listed both in the calendar and the body of the program in the numerical and alphabetical order of the session designations rather than the order of their starting times. For example, session 3aAA would be listed ahead of session 3aAO even if the latter session began earlier in the same morning.

11. TECHNICAL COMMITTEE OPEN MEETINGS

Technical Committees will hold open meetings on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday evenings at the Doral Golf Resort and Spa. These are working,collegial meetings. Much of the work of the Society is accomplished by actions that originate and are taken in these meetings including proposals for special sessions, workshops and technical initiatives. All meeting participants are cordially invited to attend these meetings and to participate actively in the discussions. Times and rooms for each Committee meeting are given in the schedule.

12. EXHIBIT

The meeting will be highlighted by an exhibit which will feature displays with instruments, materials, and services for the acoustical and vibration community. The exhibit which will be conveniently located in Legends Ballroom 5 and 6 in the Legends Ballroom building adjacent to the registration area and meeting rooms will open at the Doral Golf Resort and Spa with a reception on Monday evening, 10 November, at 5:30 p.m. and will close Wednesday, 12 November, at noon. Morning and afternoon refreshments will be available in the exhibit room.

The exhibit will include computer-based instrumentation, sound level meters, sound intensity systems, signal processing systems, devices for noise control, sound prediction software, acoustical materials, passive and active noise control systems and other exhibits on vibrations and acoustics. For further information, please contact:
Robert Finnegan
American Inst. of Physics
Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle
Melville, NY 11747
(516) 576-2433
rfinneg@aip.org.

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13. EXHIBIT OPENING RECEPTION

A reception will be held in Legends Ballroom 5 and 6 in the Legends Ballroom building at the Doral Golf Resort and Spa, 5:30 p.m. to 7:00 p.m., Monday evening, 10 November, in conjunction with the opening of the exhibit. Registration badges are required for entry. One free drink ticket will be provided to each registrant. This event will provide opportunities to view the exhibits and to socialize with friends and colleagues.

14. TUTORIAL LECTURE ON AIRCRAFT NOISE PREDICTION

A tutorial presentation on "Aircraft Noise Prediction" will be given by Joe Posey of NASA Langley Research Center on Monday, 10 November, at 7:00 p.m.

Noise has been an issue for airport communities and passengers since the advent of commercial air transport almost a century ago. Impressive gains have been made in aircraft noise control, but expectations are rising and air traffic will at least double in the next twenty years. Also, lighter composite structures pose a challenge for interior noise control. Furthermore, societal expectations for mobility, new technology, demands for carbon footprint minimization, and other environmental imperatives will lead to revolutionary aircraft designs in the future. This tutorial lecture will consider noise from present and future subsonic jet aircraft, rotorcraft, propeller aircraft, and supersonic transports. Noise prediction capabilities will be identified, along with an overview of noise control technology. Acousticians are preparing to predict and control community and interior noise for arbitrary configurations using models based more on first principles, whereas the state-of-the-art is largely semi-empirical. It is imperative that acousticians be included in the early stages of the design process and for all design team members to have some exposure to noise control principles to avoid wasting resources on designs that should be non-starters from the noise perspective.

LECTURE NOTES

Lecture notes will be available at the meeting in limited supply. Those who register by 20 October are guaranteed receipt of a set of notes.

TUTORIAL LECTURE PREREGISTRATION

To partially defray the cost of the lecture a registration fee is charged. The fee is $15.00 USD for registration received by 20 October and $25.00 USD at the meeting. The fee for students with current ID cards is $7.00 USD for registration received by 20 October and $12.00 USD at the meeting. To register, use the
downloadable registration form or register online.

15. SHORT COURSE ON ULTRASONIC NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION AND MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION

Ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation (NDE) is the central topic of this short course. NDE is the process of using a form of energy to interrogate industrial parts or components for the purpose of assessing their fitness for service or manufacture. We begin with a brief review of ideas from continuum mechanics and elasticity. These are used to lay the foundations of wave propagation in infinite media. Ideas such as phase and group velocity, energy in a wave, and wave polarization lead to a consideration of wave scattering at planar interfaces. The method of partial waves and wave potential theory are reviewed. Snell's law and slowness diagrams illustrate the phenomena. Guided wave modes, such as Rayleigh and Lamb waves and SH waves, are explained. The diffraction of finite acoustic radiators is treated and their influence on ultrasonic signals in materials characterization is explained. These results will form the basis of a discussion of the interaction of acoustic beams at liquid-solid or air-solid interfaces. Ultrasound in anisotropic media completes a treatment of basic wave phenomena in solids. Applications of these ideas to various types of ultrasonic NDE are then explored. Scattering of waves by small defects, assessment of porosity, inference of material elastic properties, measurement of surface roughness, and propagation of guided waves in periodically layered structures are some of the applications considered. The course finishes with a discussion of air-coupled ultrasonic NDE and how this emerging new method differs in significant ways from conventional ultrasonic NDE.

Objective

This short-course provides an introduction to the methods of ultrasonic NDE and analytical modeling of ultrasonic scattering at planar interfaces. We present a detailed overview of the basics of elastic wave propagation in solid and liquid media as a precursor to discussions of NDE applications drawn from the current research literature.

Instructor

Dale E. Chimenti is Professor of Aerospace Engineering and Senior Scientist in the Center for Nondestructive Evaluation at Iowa State University, Ames IA. He has published nearly 200 scientific and technical papers, over 75 in the archival journal literature. He has held faculty and research positions both at Iowa State and at the Center for NDE at The Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. Dr Chimenti serves as Editor-in-Chief of NDT&E International and served as Associate Editor of JASA from 1998 to 2004. He is also co-editor of the Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation published by AIP and now in its 27th volume. In 2007 he was selected to receive Iowa State's Eminent Faculty Research Award, and he is a Fellow of ASA.

Program

Sunday, 9 November 2008, 1:00 to 5:00 p.m.
Monday, 10 November 2008, 8:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m..

Topics

Linear elastic wave equation
Pure modes, plane waves, phase and group velocity
Pure modes, plane waves, phase and group velocity
Reflection and transmission at planar interfaces
Slowness surfaces
Guided waves: Rayleigh, Lamb, SH
Transducer fields, diffraction, reciprocity
Fluid-coupled waves at fluid-solid boundaries
Plane waves in anisotropic media
Small defect scattering
Porosity assessment
Inference of material viscoelastic properties
Influence of surface roughness
Guided waves in periodically layered media
Air-coupled ultrasonic NDE

Registration

The registration fee is $250.00 USD and covers attendance, instructional materials and coffee breaks. The number of attendees will be limited so please register early to avoid disappointment. Only those who have registered by 20 October will be guaranteed receipt of instructional materials. There will be a $50.00 USD discount for registration made prior to 20 October. Full refunds will be made for cancellations prior to 20 October. Any cancellation after 20 October will be charged a $25.00 USD processing fee. To register, use the
downloadable registration form or register online.

If you miss the preregistration deadline and are interested in attending the course, please send an email to asa@aip.org

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16. HOT TOPICS IN ACOUSTICS

A Hot Topics session will be held in Session 3pID on Wednesday, 12 November, at 1:00 p.m in Legends Ballroom 7 in the Legends Ballroom building. Papers will be presented on current topics in the fields of Engineering Acoustics, Physical Acoustics, and Underwater Acoustics.

17. ROSSING PRIZE IN ACOUSTICS EDUCATION AND ACOUSTICS EDUCATION PRIZE LECTURE

The 2008 Rossing Prize in Acoustics Education will be awarded to Murray C. Campbell, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK, at the Plenary Session on Wednesday, 12 November. Murray Campbell will present the Acoustics Education Prize Lecture titled "From the sublime to the scientific: What musicians can learn from each other," on Wednesday, 12 November, at 2:15 p.m. in Session 3pED in Legends Ballroom in the Legends Ballroom building.

18. ANSI STANDARDS COMMITTEES

Meetings of ANSI Accredited Standards Committees and their advisory working groups will be held at the dates and times listed in the schedule of committee meetings and other events.

Meetings of Accredited Standards Committees S1, Acoustics; S2, Mechanical Vibration and Shock; S3, Bioacoustics; and S12, Noise, S3/SC1, Animal Bioacoustics, as well as the Standards Plenary meeting, are open meetings and all attendees are invited to attend and participate in the acoustical standards development process.

Meetings of selected advisory working groups are often held in conjunction with Society meetings and are listed in the calendar or on the standards bulletin board in the registration area, e.g., S12/WGI8-Room Criteria. People interested in attending and in becoming involved in working group activities must contact the ASA Standards Manager for further information about these groups, or about the ASA Standards Program in general, at the following address: Susan Blaeser, ASA Standards Manager, Standards Secretariat, Acoustical Society of America, Suite 114E,35 Pinelawn Road, Melville, NY 11747; Tel.: 631-390-0215; Fax: 631-390-0217; Email:
asastds@aip.org.

19. COFFEE BREAKS

Morning coffee breaks will be held each day starting at 10:00 a.m. and an afternoon break will be held on Tuesday at 2:00 p.m. On Monday, Thursday, and Friday, breaks will be held in the Legends Ballroom Foyer. On Tuesday and Wednesday, breaks will be held in Legends Ballroom 5 and 6.

20. A/V PREVIEW ROOM

The Aralia Room in Lodge will be set up as an A/V preview room for authors convenience, and will be available Monday through Thursday from 7:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. and Friday from 7:30 a.m. to 12:00 noon.

21. E-MAIL ACCESS Computers providing e-mail access will be available in the Boardroom adjacent to the Legends Ballroom Foyer from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Tuesday through Thursday and Friday from 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon. The e-mail area will provide several desktop computers as well as connections for attendees' laptop computers.

Free WiFi access is also provided in the hotel lobby.

22. ONLINE MEETING PAPERS

Authors of papers to be presented at meetings are encouraged to post their full papers or presentation materials for others who are interested in obtaining detailed information about meeting presentations at the ASA's Online Meeting Papers website at
http://scitation.aip.org/asameetingpapers/. Submission procedures and password information have been mailed to authors with the acceptance notices.

Those interested in obtaining copies of submitted papers for this meeting and the immediate past meeting may access the service at anytime. No password is needed.

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23. PROCEEDINGS OF MEETINGS ON ACOUSTICS

The Miami meeting will have a published proceedings, and submission is optional. The proceedings will be a separate volume of the online journal, "Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics" (POMA). This is an open access journal, so that its articles are available in pdf format without charge to anyone in the world for downloading. Authors who are scheduled to present papers at the meeting are encouraged to prepare a suitable version in pdf format that will appear in POMA. The format requirements for POMA are somewhat more stringent than for posting on the ASA Online Meetings Papers Site, but the two versions could be the same. The posting at the Online Meetings Papers site, however, is not archival, and posted papers will be taken down six months after the meeting. The POMA online site for submission of papers from the meeting will be opened at the same time when authors are notified that their papers have been accepted for presentation. It is not necessary to wait until after the meeting to submit one's paper to POMA. Further information regarding POMA can be found at the site
http://asa.aip.org/poma.html . Published papers from previous meetings can be seen at the site http://scitation.aip.org/POMA.

24. BUFFET SOCIALS

Complimentary buffet socials with cash bar will be held on Tuesday, 11 November, and Thursday, 13 November, from 6:00 p.m. to 7:30 p.m. The social will be held outdoors or in Grand Ballroom A/B depending on weather conditions.

25. PLENARY SESSION AWARDS CEREMONY

The awards ceremony will be held on Wednesday, 12 November at 3:30 p.m. in Grand Ballroom A/B. The Silver Medal in Musical Acoustics will be presented to Gabriel Weinreich, the Silver Medal in Physical Acoustics will be presented to Peter J. Westervelt, the Silver Medal in Speech Communication will be presented to Winifred Strange, and the Wallace Clement Sabine Medal will be presented to John S. Bradley.

Certificates will be presented to the Fellows elected at the Paris meeting of the Society.

26. BUSINESS MEETING OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA

A business meeting of the Acoustical Society of America will be held on Wednesday, 12 November, starting at 3:30 p.m. in Grand Ballroom A/B at the Doral Golf Resort and Spa. All ASA Fellows and Members are urged to attend for the purpose of voting on approval of a Plan of Merger by and between the Acoustical Society of America Incorporated and the Acoustical Society Foundation Inc. Please see the Plan of Merger which was published in the September 2008 issue of the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Volume 124, September 2008.

27. FELLOWS LUNCHEON

A Fellows Luncheon will be held on Thursday, 13 November, at 12:00 noon in Palms South in the Main lobby building. This luncheon is open to all attendees and their guests. To register, use the
downloadable registration form or register online.

28. STUDENTS MEET MEMBERS FOR LUNCH

The ASA Education Committee provides a way for a student to meet one-on-one with a member of the Acoustical Society over lunch. The purpose is to make it easier for students to meet and interact with members at ASA meetings. Each lunch pairing is arranged separately. Students who wish to participate should contact David Blackstock, University of Texas at Austin, by email or telephone 512-343-8248 (alternative number 512-471-3145). Please give Dr. Blackstock your name, university, department, degree you are seeking (BS, MS, or PhD), research field, acoustical interests, and days you are free for lunch. The sign-up deadline is ten days before the start of the meeting, but an earlier sign-up is strongly encouraged. Each participant pays for his/her own meal.

29. STUDENT ICEBREAKER AND STUDENT RECEPTION

An "icebreaker" for students is scheduled on Monday, 10 November, from 7:00 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. in the Mango Room in the Main lobby building which will provide an opportunity for students to meet informally with fellow students and other members of the Acoustical Society after they have had a chance to visit the Exhibit.

The Student Reception will be held on Wednesday, 12 November, from 7:00 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. in the Mango Room in the Main Lobby building. This reception, sponsored by the Acoustical Society of America and supported by the National Council of Acoustical Consultants, will provide an opportunity for students to meet informally with fellow students and other members of the Acoustical Society. All students are encouraged to attend, especially students who are first time attendees or those from smaller universities.

Students will find in their conference registration envelopes a small sticker to place on their name tags identifying them as students. Although wearing the sticker is not mandatory, it will allow for easier networking between students and other meeting attendees. Students are encouraged to refer to the student guide, also found in their envelopes, for important program and meeting information pertaining only to students attending the ASA meeting. They are also encouraged to visit the official ASA Student Home Page at
http://www.acosoc.org/student/ to learn more about student involvement in ASA.

30. COMMITTEE ON WOMEN IN ACOUSTICS LUNCHEON

The Women in Acoustics luncheon will be held at 11:30 a.m. on Wednesday, 12 November, in the Palms South Room. Those who wish to attend must purchase their tickets in advance by 10:00 a.m. on Tuesday, 11 November. The fee is $20 for non-students and $5 for students.

31. CHILD CARE

On-site child care for children under the age of 5 will be arranged through the Resort Concierge (305-592-2000). For children ages 5-12, the Resort offers
Camp Doral, which offers activities that include swimming, arts and crafts, fishing, Tug-of-War, Karaoke, games by the pool, basketball, volleyball, soccer, kickball, indoor games, sandcastle contest, golf putting contest, swimming relays, and poolside bingo.

Daily Camp Hours are as follows (additional hours may be accommodated): Regular Camp 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Half-Day Camp 9:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. / 1:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m. For further information on Camp Doral, call (305) 592-2000 ext. 6329.

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32. ACCOMPANYING PERSONS' PROGRAM

Spouses and other visitors are welcome at the Miami meeting. The registration fee is $75.00. A hospitality room for accompanying persons will be open at the Doral Golf Resort and Spa from 8:00 a.m. until 10:30 a.m. Monday through Friday.

33. WEATHER

Weather in Miami is generally mild in November with average temperatures between about 68 to 80 degrees F. Colder temperatures (45 to 60 degrees F) may accompany passing cold fronts. November is a relatively dry month, averaging only a few inches of rain, but it can rain in Miami at any time. Locally heavy showers and thunderstorms often accompany the passage of cold fronts. Recent observations and forecasts may be found on a number of different web pages (e.g.,
www.weather.com).

34. TECHNICAL PROGRAM ORGANIZING COMMITTEE

David R. Palmer and Eric I. Thorsos, Technical Program Cochairs; Jennifer Wylie, Acoustical Oceanography; Dorian S. Houser, Animal Bioacoustics; Gary W. Siebein, Architectural Acoustics; Saurabh Datta, Biomedical Ultrasound/ Bioresponse to Vibration; James P. Chambers, Education in Acoustics; Thomas R. Howarth, Engineering Acoustics; Edward W. Large, Musical Acoustics; Erica Ryherd, Richard J. Peppin, Noise; James P. Chambers, Physical Acoustics; Gail Donaldson, Psychological and Physiological Acoustics; David M. Chambers, Signal Processing in Acoustics; Stefan A. Frisch, Catherine L. Rogers, Speech Communication; Joseph M. Cuschieri, Structural Acoustics and Vibration; Altan Turgut, Underwater Acoustics.

35. MEETING ORGANIZING COMMITTEE

Harry A. DeFerrari, General Chair; David R. Palmer and Eric I. Thorsos, Technical Program Cochairs; Shari Vaughan, Meeting Administrator.

36. PHOTOGRAPHING AND RECORDING

Photographing and recording during regular sessions are not permitted without prior permission from the Acoustical Society.

37. NOTE TO SMOKERS

Smoking is prohibited indoors.

38. ABSTRACT ERRATA

This meeting program is Part 2 of the October 2008 issue of The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. Because of the desire for rapid publication of this program, authors have not been able to see galley proofs of what they submitted. There may be occasional errors in what appears here. On rare occasions, a corrected abstract may be published in a subsequent issue of the Journal, and this will be done only if a major error has been made by the printer, and only if the abstract had been submitted via the ASA's Web abstract submittal process. The Society's publishing of corrected abstracts is at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief, and a publication fee may be requested. Readers who desire confirmation that any printed abstract is in accord with what the author(s) intended it to be, or to inquire as to whether an extended or written version exists, should contact the author(s) directly.

39. GUIDELINES FOR ORAL PRESENTATIONS

A. Preparation of Visual Aids

1. See the guidelines for computer projection below.
2. Allow at least one minute of your talk for each slide or other visual aid, e.g., no more than 12 slides for a 15-minute talk.
3. Minimize the number of lines of text and the number of curves shown on one visual aid. More than 12 lines of text or 5 curves are too many to be comprehended within one minute. Too little is better than too much.
4. On a transparency for overhead projection, all material should be within an 8x9-inch (20x23 cm) frame. Characters should be at least 0.2 inches (5 mm) high to be legible when projected; conventional 10- or 12-font characters are too small.
5. Text for 35-mm slides may be prepared using 10- or 12-pitch font, but the overall frame size of the typed material before reproduction should be no larger than 4x6 inches (10x15 cm). In general, characters in any visual aid should have a height at least 1/40 of the total frame height. In order that a 35-mm slide be legible when projected in an average size room, the slide itself should be legible when held 10 inches (25 cm) in front of the eye.
6. Make symbols no less than 1/3 the height of a capital letter. Break away any line that would otherwise pass through a character or symbol.
7. Black lines on clear background or white lines on black background are more legible than colored lines. Use color only if required to distinguish different curves or elements.
8. On each 35mm slide put a ''thumb mark'' on the corner that is the upper right-hand corner when the slide is viewed inverted, so that on later projection the image is upright. Number the slides in order of presentation, on or beside the ''thumb mark.''
9. Video tapes must be in the standard VHS format. Videotapes not in the standard VHS format must be converted to this format by the individual presenter prior to the meeting.

B. Presentation

1. Organize your talk with introduction, body, and summary or conclusion. Include only facts or concepts that can be explained adequately in the allotted time. Rehearse talk so you can confidently deliver it in that time.
2. Session Chairs have been instructed to adhere to the time schedule and to stop your presentation if you run over.
3. An A/V preview room will be available for viewing computer presentations, transparencies or videotapes before your session starts.
4. Arrive early enough so that you can meet the session chair, load your computer presentation on to the computer provided, check your slides in the projector, and familiarize yourself with the microphone, slide controls, laser pointer, and other equipment.
5. Every time you display a visual aid the audience needs time to interpret it. Although you are familiar with the data, the audience may not be. Describe the abscissa, ordinate, units, and the legend for each curve. If the shape of a curve or some other feature is important, tell the audience what they should observe in order to grasp the point. They won't have time to figure it out for themselves.

C. References

1. Hubbard, H.H. ''Guidelines for the planning and preparation of illustrated technical talks,'' J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 60, 995--998 (1976).
2. Young, R.W. ''On presenting a technical paper,'' J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 61, 1086--1087 (1977).

40. SUGGESTIONS FOR EFFECTIVE POSTER PRESENTATIONS

A board approximately 8 ft. wide x 4 ft. high will be provided for the display of each poster paper. Supplies will be available for attaching the poster material to the display boards. Each board will be marked with the board location number. Note that the board location number may not correspond with the abstract number. Authors should furnish, as part of their poster presentation, a sign giving the abstract number, paper title and author(s) name, in lettering approximately 1-1/2 inch high. Free-hand lettering with a felt pen is entirely adequate.

A poster paper should be able to ''stand alone,'' that is, be understandable even if the author is not present to explain, discuss, and answer questions. This is highly desirable because the author may not be present for the entire time the poster papers are on display, and when the author is engaged in discussion with one person, others may want to study the display without interrupting an ongoing dialogue. To meet the ''stand alone'' criteria, it is suggested that authors consider the following elements for a poster. Each element can be arranged on one or more standard letter-size sheets. Where typing is needed, large font type is very effective. Careful hand lettering, at least 1/4 in. high, is also acceptable. Obviously, it may not be appropriate for any given paper to include all of the ''elements'' listed below. These are merely suggestions:

1. Objective, purpose, goal, etc.
2. Background information. Prior work.
3. Assumptions, etc.
4. Experimental arrangements, block diagram, sketch, photos, parameters.
5. Outline of the theoretical development.
6. Data, graphs, tables, etc.

Graphs and photographs should be a minimum of 8 x10 inches. Figure captions are essential. Avoid glossy paper.

Display objects, such as transducer elements or materials, demonstration tapes, etc., are excellent supplements to a poster.

Since the poster paper is not archival, feel free to bring incompletely reduced data for discussion.

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41. GUIDELINES FOR USE OF COMPUTER PROJECTION

A PC computer with audio playback capability and projector will be provided in each meeting room on which all authors who plan to use computer projection should load their presentations. Authors should bring computer presentations on a CD or USB drive to load onto the provided computer and should arrive at the meeting rooms at least 30 minutes before the start of their sessions. Assistance in loading presentations onto the computers will be provided.

Note that only PC format will be supported so authors using Macs must save their presentations for projection in PC format. Also, authors who plan to play audio during their presentations should insure that their sound files are also saved on the CD or USB drive.

Presenters also have the option to connect their own laptops to the computer projector as was done at past ASA meetings. The following guidelines should be observed by speakers presenting Power Point or equivalent presentations at meetings of the Acoustical Society of America who plan to use their own computers in their presentations.

It is strongly recommended that overhead transparencies be brought to the session by speakers as backup.

Introduction

It is essential that each speaker connect his/her own laptop to the computer projection system in the A/V preview room prior to session start time to verify that the presentation will work properly. Technical assistance is available in the A/V preview room at the meeting, but not in session rooms. Presenters whose computers fail to project for any reason will not be granted extra time.

Guidelines

1. Set your computer's screen resolution to 1024x768 pixels or to the resolution indicated by the AV technical support. If it looks OK, it will probably look OK to your audience during your presentation.
2. Use all of the available screen area. If a page in portrait orientation is displayed in landscape orientation computer projection, the two sides of the projected image will be blank, effectively shrinking the text size. All documents/figures should be created in landscape orientation with very thin margins, thereby making maximum use of the (limited) resolution of the computer projector.
3. No more than 2 graphs/plots/figures should be included on a single slide. Use large lettering for axis labels and bold fonts for the numbers. Remember that graphics can be animated or quickly toggled among several options: comparisons between figures may be made temporally rather than spatially.
4. Avoid thin fonts, including fonts with thin elements (e.g., the horizontal bar of the "e" may be lost because it is less than one pixel wide at the low resolution of the computer projector, thereby registering as a "c"). If using a thin font, make it bold to widen the minimum line width. Avoid thin lines which may look fine when viewed on the high screen resolution setting but will fade or disappear when a low screen resolution is set.
5. Contrasts must be enhanced in computer-projected documents for good visibility. Use dark backgrounds with lighter (contrasting) lettering, rather than white backgrounds with dark lettering. Avoid busy backgrounds, and keep text and figures simple and large.
6. Avoid the use of red, especially on purple or green backgrounds. People with common color blindness will not see figures in red if they are backed by similar colors.
7. Avoid large borders and logos of institutions as these leave a reduced area for actual data and graphs. If such borders or logos are necessary, place them at the bottom of the slide so that your technical data appears at the top of the projected image.
8. Animations often run more slowly on laptops connected to computer video projectors than when not so connected. Test the effectiveness of your animations before your assigned presentation time on a similar projection system (e.g., in the A/V preview room). Avoid real-time calculations in favor of pre-calculation and saving of images.
9. If you will use your own laptop instead of the computer provided, a video switcher will be available. During the question and answer period of the previous speaker, connect your laptop to the video switcher. It is good protocol to initiate your slide show (e.g., run PowerPoint) immediately once connected, so the audience doesn't have to wait. When it is your turn to present, the session chair will press the button on the switcher corresponding to the appropriate number of the input to which you connected (indicated on the cord you plugged into your computer). If there are any problems, the session chair will endeavor to assist you, but it is your responsibility to ensure that the technical details have been worked out ahead of time.
10. During the presentation have your laptop running with main power instead of using battery power to insure that the laptop is running at full CPU speed. This will also guarantee that your laptop does not run out of power during your presentation.

Specific Hardware Configurations

Macintosh

Older Macs require a special adapter to connect the video output port to the standard 15-pin male DIN connector. Make sure you have one with you.

1. Hook everything up before powering anything on. (Connect the computer to the RGB input on the projector).
2. Turn the projector on and boot up the Macintosh. If this doesn't work immediately, you should make sure that your monitor resolution is set to 1024x768 for an XGA projector or at least 640x480 for an older VGA projector. (800x600 will most always work.). You should also make sure that your monitor controls are set to mirroring.

If it's an older powerbook, it may not have video mirroring, but something called simulscan, which is essentially the same. Depending upon the vintage of your Mac, you may have to reboot once it is connected to the computer projector or switcher. Hint: you can reboot while connected to the computer projector in the A/V preview room in advance of your presentation, then put your computer to sleep. Macs thus booted will retain the memory of this connection when awakened from sleep. Alternatively, you can reboot while connected to the video switcher during the previous speaker's presentation, but it is safer to queue this up in advance of the session. Depending upon the vintage of your system software, you may find that the default video mode is a side-by-side configuration of monitor windows (the test for this will be that you see no menus or cursor on your desktop; the cursor will slide from the projected image onto your laptop's screen as it is moved). Go to Control Panels, Monitors, configuration, and drag the larger window onto the smaller one. This produces a mirror-image of the projected image on your laptop's screen. Also depending upon your system software, either the Control Panels will automatically detect the video projector's resolution and frame rate, or you will have to set it manually. If it is not set at a commensurable resolution, the projector may not show an image. Experiment ahead of time with resolution and color depth settings in the A/V preview room (please don't waste valuable time fiddling with your Control Panel settings during your allotted session time).

PC

Make sure your computer has the standard female 15-pin DE-15 video output connector. Some computers require an adaptor.

Once your computer is physically connected, you will need to toggle the video display on. Most PCs use either ALT-F5 or F6, as indicated by a little video monitor icon on the appropriate key. Some systems require more elaborate keystroke combinations to activate this feature. Verify your laptop's compatibility with the projector in the A/V preview room. Likewise, you may have to set your laptop's resolution and color depth via the monitor's Control Panel to match that of the projector, which settings you should verify prior to your session.

Linux

Most Linux laptops have a function key marked CRT/LCD or two symbols representing computer versus projector. Often that key toggles on and off the VGA output of the computer, but in some cases, doing so will cause the computer to crash. One fix for this is to boot up the BIOS and look for a field marked CRT/LCD (or similar). This field can be set to Both, in which case the signal to the laptop is always presented to the VGA output jack on the back of the computer. Once connected to a computer projector, the signal will appear automatically, without toggling the function key. Once you get it working, don't touch it and it should continue to work, even after reboot.

42. DATES OF FUTURE ASA MEETINGS

For further information on any ASA meeting, or to obtain instructions for the preparation and submission of meeting abstracts, contact the Acoustical Society of America, Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville, NY 11747-4502; Telephone: 516-576-2360; Fax: 516-576-2377; E-mail:
asa@aip.org

Portland, Oregon, 18-22 May 2009
San Antonio, Texas, 26-30 October 2009
Baltimore, Maryland, 19-23 May 2010
Cancun, Mexico, 15-19 November 2010