27 November--1 December 2007
New Orleans, Louisiana


Local Meeting Committee
Technical Program and Special Sessions
Hot Topics
Technical Tour
ASA Student Council Grants and Fellowship Workshop
Online Paper Copying Service
Meeting Program
Abstract Submission Guidelines
Audio-Visual Equipment
Special Equipment and Computer Equipment
Poster Session Boards
Projection Guidelines for Authors
Audio/Visual Preview Room
Best Paper Awards for Students and Young Presenters
Tutorial Lecture on Weather and Acoustics
Short Course on Bayesian Signal Processing
Special Meeting Features
Student Transportation Subsidies
Young Investigator Travel Grant
Students Meet Members for Lunch
Plenary Session and Awards Ceremony
Fellows' Luncheon
Women in Acoustics Luncheon
Transportation and Hotel Accommodations
Air Transportation
Ground Transportation
Hotel Accommodations
Room Sharing
New Orleans City Information
Hotel Reservation Information
Committee Meetings
Assistive Listening Devices
Child Care at Meetings
Accompanying Persons Program
Registration Information
Instructions for Submitting Abstracts via the World Wide Web
Instructions for Preparing Paper Abstracts
Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme (PACS)



Contributed papers are welcome in all branches of acoustics. The technical program will consist of lecture and poster sessions. Technical sessions will be scheduled Tuesday through Saturday, 27 November--1 December.

Every effort will be made to schedule contributed papers in accordance with author and Technical Committee preferences. However, authors should be prepared to accept assignment to poster sessions. Assignments will take into account: a) author preference, b) program balance, and c) Technical Committee instructions. Papers will be rejected if they do not comply with the instructions.

The special sessions described below will be organized by the ASA Technical Committees. Authors of invited papers must indicate on their abstracts the title of the special session in which they have been invited to participate. Authors of contributed papers have the option to request placement of their abstracts in these sessions. If no special session placement is requested, papers will be scheduled in sessions with papers of similar technical content.



Deep and shallow seismic sensing of geological structure in the ocean bottom
(Joint with Underwater Acoustics)
Applications of seismic methods to investigate geophysical processes and geological structure in the ocean bottom

Storms and intense air-sea interactions
Passive and active acoustic remote sensing of the physical processes in storms and intense air-sea interactions


Noise and wildlife: Advances in effects research
(Joint with Noise)
Effects of noise on wildlife

Sound source localization
Physiological, behavioral, and anatomical studies of sound source localization


Acoustics of modular construction
(Joint with Noise and ASA Committee on Standards)
Acoustic issues concerning modular building construction

Acoustics of rehearsal facilities
Room acoustic qualities and special challenges of rooms designed for rehearsal of music, speech, dance

Even better than the real thing-Rock, pop, and all that jazz!
(Joint with Musical Acoustics, Signal Processing in Acoustics, and Noise)
Design strategies, processing approaches, performance gestures, historical motivations, and architecture that affect music enjoyed in clubs, cars, homes, and bars

Impact and footfall noise
(Joint with Noise and Structural Acoustics and Vibration)
Evaluating footfall noise, relationship to impact noise, and remedies

Sound systems in large rooms and stadia
Case studies and issues concerning sound systems in large rooms and stadia


Biological effects and medical applications of stable cavitation
(Joint with Physical Acoustics)
Biological effects created by stable cavitation and medical applications of stable cavitation

Biomedical applications of acoustic radiation force
Broad array of ways acoustic radiation force is used in medicine and biology

Topical meeting on tissue response to acoustics and vibrations
Biological response of tissue to acoustics and vibration, including sonoporation, acoustic hemostasis, and stimulation of cell signal pathways

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Hands-on experiments for high school students
Experiments for high school students

Professional development programs for K-12 teachers of science
Planned to bring together successful models for promoting acoustics education. Invited speakers will bring ideas for working with teachers, and time for panel discussions will be allowed. Members are encouraged to contribute papers with their suggested ways to work with teachers and schools


Infrasonic instrumentation
(Joint with ASA Committee on Standards)
Infrasonic sources, receivers, calibration, wind screens, and software


Musical pitch tracking and sound source separation leading to automatic music transcription
Various aspects of automatic music transcription including F0 detection (monophonic or polyphonic), instrument spectrum matching, and instrument/voice separation

Session in honor of Max Mathews
(Joint with Speech Communication)
Recognizing the work of Max Mathews in computer music and other areas of acoustics


Lawn, yard, and portable noise in the U.S.
Recent research and developments

Measurement of noise and noise effect on animals and humans
(Joint with Animal Bioacoustics)
Anthropogenic and non-anthropogenic factors

Rain noise
Rain noise on buildings and structures

Soundscape developments: Case studies and best practices
Recent research and projects which illustrate advances in soundscape technique


Acoustic applications for hurricane and storm preparedness, and response
(Joint with Acoustical Oceanography)
Use of sonar to survey waterways; use of acoustics to track storms; how wind and water affect structural integrity of bridges and roadways; acoustic and vibration detection of early stages of levee failure

Ultrasound, quantum criticality, and magnetic fields
Emerging methods for the measurement of the acoustic properties of solids. Topics include non-contact methods, new approaches to imaging variation of elastic moduli, and non-destructive testing

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Distributed networks signal processors
Signal processing approaches for integrated distributed sensing systems with emphasis on data fusion for limited-bandwidth networks and autonomous communication, detection, localization, tracking and classification

Session honoring Leon Sibul
(Joint with Acoustical Oceanography and Underwater Acoustics)
Incorporation of the physics of acoustics into signal processing methods


Auditory and somatosensory feedback in speech production
Recent advances in probing the role of feedback in speech production

Role of attention in speech perception
Exploring the importance of selective, sustained, and divided attention, and related cognitive mechanisms in speech perception and the acquisition of speech sounds

Speech intelligibility and the vowel space
Exploring the relations between vowel acoustics and speech intelligibility for various talkers (normal and disordered), speaking styles, speech materials, and listener populations


Ground vibration impact on buildings
(Joint with Noise)
Impact of ground vibrations generated by surface transportation on buildings

Modeling of vibration and radiation in complex structures
Analytic, statistical and numerical methods for modeling vibration and acoustic radiation from complex structural systems


Design of distributed surveillance and oceanographic monitoring systems
(Joint with Acoustical Oceanography)
Integrated sensing, processing and control concepts for distributed acoustic sensing systems with low-bandwidth, high-latency communication infrastructure. Exploitation of environmental and situational adaptivity, and collaborative processing.

Underwater reverberation measurements and modeling
Reverberation modeling, including benchmark problems/solutions and datasets appropriate for model validation

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A "Hot Topics" session sponsored by the Tutorials Committee is scheduled covering the fields of Architectural Acoustics, Speech Communication and Structural Acoustics and Vibration.


The meeting will be highlighted by an exhibit which will feature displays with instruments, materials, and services for the acoustical and vibration community. The exhibit, which will be conveniently located near the registration area and meeting rooms, will open at the Sheraton with a reception on Tuesday evening, 27 November, and will close Thursday, 29 November, at noon. Morning and afternoon refreshments will be available in the exhibit area.

The exhibit will include computer-based instrumentation, sound level meters, sound intensity systems, signal processing systems, devices for noise control, sound prediction software, acoustical materials, passive and active noise control systems and other exhibits on vibrations and acoustics. For further information, please contact: Robert Finnegan, American Inst. of Physics, Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville, NY 11747; (516) 576-2433; rfinneg@aip.org.


A technical tour is planned with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to view the New Orleans levee system and "ground zero" of the levees which failed during Hurricane Katrina. Army engineers will describe the levee failure mechanisms and show work in progress to protect the city from future hurricanes.


The ASA Student Council is pleased to announce a workshop on fellowships and grants for students and post-doctoral members of the ASA to be offered during the New Orleans meeting.

During the workshop, representatives from the National Science Foundation (NSF), Office of Naval Research (ONR), National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIH/ NIDCD), and the Acoustical Society of America Prizes and Special Fellowships committee will give short presentations on the following topics:

The workshop is planned for Thursday, 29 November 29, 5:30 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. Look for details and any changes in schedule on the ASA Student website at www.acosoc.org/student/, the student E-zine, and on the Student Council bulletin board at the meeting. Hope to see you there!


The ASA has replaced its at-meeting "Paper Copying Service" with an online site which can be found at scitation.aip.org/asameetingpapers. Authors of papers to be presented at meetings will be able to post their full papers or presentation materials for others who are interested in obtaining detailed information about meeting presentations. The online site will be open for author submissions in April. Submission procedures and password information will be mailed to authors with the acceptance notices.

Those interested in obtaining copies of submitted papers for this meeting may access the service at anytime. No password is needed.


An advance meeting program summary will be published in the September issue of JASA and a complete meeting program will be mailed as Part 2 of the November issue. Abstracts will be available on the ASA Home Page in September.

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An abstract of not more than 200 words is required for each paper, whether invited or contributed. ABSTRACTS LONGER THAN 200 WORDS WILL BE EDITED OR TRUNCATED. Authors have the option to submit abstracts via the World Wide Web or by postal mail. Abstracts must be prepared in accordance with the instructions given for the submission method selected.


Authors should use only one method of abstract submission, i.e., via the web or by postal mail. For abstracts submitted by postal mail, send one original paper-copy abstract to the Technical Program Cochairs:

ALL ABSTRACTS MUST BE RECEIVED BY MONDAY, 23 JULY 2007. This deadline will be strictly enforced. Abstracts submitted after 23 July 2007 will not be accepted. Authors should allow at least 5 days for delivery of paper-copy abstracts by U.S. or Canadian mail, 2 days for express mail, and 10 days for international air mail. FACSIMILE TRANSMITTED ABSTRACTS OR ABSTRACTS SENT BY REGULAR E-MAIL WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED. Contributors submitting abstracts via the web will receive acknowledgment that their abstracts have been received in the form of a Resubmission number and PIN on the final page of the submission process. Contributors submitting abstracts by postal mail who desire notification of receipt of their abstracts should include self-addressed postcards. Acceptance notices will be sent to authors in March by postal mail.


A contributor in Speech Communication may be the principal author of only one paper, and, subject to time and space limitations, may be the co-author of only one additional paper. Authors contributing papers in Speech Communication are also encouraged to select poster-style presentation.

Contributed papers in Psychological and Physiological Acoustics and Underwater Acoustics may be scheduled for lecture or poster presentation.

While authors may indicate a preference for presentation style, it may not always be possible to honor the request. Authors should be prepared to accept assignment of their abstracts to either lecture or poster presentation.


For abstracts submitted on the World Wide Web, a resubmission number and PIN will be issued for each submitted abstract which constitutes acknowledgment that the abstract has been received by the Society. These numbers will be provided on screen in the final step in the submission process. You will not receive separate acknowledgment by e-mail.

If you do not receive acknowledgment as described above, your abstract has not been received by the Society. Please contact ASA [(516) 576-2360; asa@aip.org] immediately if you have submitted an abstract and do not receive a Resubmission number and PIN.

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PC computers with stereo audio playback capability and projectors, overhead transparency projectors and laser pointers will be provided in all lecture sessions. All other equipment is considered to be special equipment. Refer to the "Special Equipment" section below for additional information. Note that Mac computers will not be provided.


Any equipment other than PC computers with stereo audio playback capability and projectors, overhead transparency projectors and laser pointers is "special equipment," and must be separately requested at the bottom of the abstract. Requests for special equipment (e.g., VCR's and monitors, audiotape playback equipment, CD players) must be specified on the abstract. Provision of unusual special equipment will depend upon availability and cost. Special software requests should also be made if required.

Please be specific about your audio needs, including number of channels and preferred loudspeaker arrangement.


Poster boards and fastening materials will be provided. If your poster needs to be located adjacent to a power outlet and/or you require the use of a table, please request these items on your abstract.


A PC computer with stereo audio playback capability and projector will be provided in each meeting room on which all authors who plan to use computer projection will load their presentations. Authors should bring computer presentations on a CD ROM or USB drive to load onto the provided computer and should arrive at the meeting rooms at least 30 minutes before the start of their sessions. Authors also have the option to connect their own laptops to the computer projector as was done at past ASA meetings. Assistance in loading presentations onto the computers will be provided.

Authors are encouraged to bring copies of their presentation materials on overhead transparencies as a backup.

Note that only PC format will be supported so authors using Macs must save their presentations for projection in PC format. Also, authors who plan to play audio during their presentations should insure that their sound files are also saved on the CD or USB drive.

Guidelines for use of computer projection will be supplied with acceptance letters.


Computer presentations, transparency presentations and other audio/visual materials can be reviewed by authors in the audio/visual preview room at the meeting.

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Several of the ASA Technical Committees offer Best Paper Awards to students and young presenters who present papers at Society meetings. If you want your paper to be considered for an award, you must indicate this when you submit your abstract. Follow the instructions for the appropriate technical area that appear below.


Acoustical Oceanography, Animal Bioacoustics, Architectural Acoustics, Biomedical Ultrasound/Bioresponse to Vibration (Spring meetings only), Engineering Acoustics, Musical Acoustics, Speech Communication, Structural Acoustics and Vibration, and Underwater Acoustics

For each of the Technical Committees granting awards, up to two awards will be presented to students presenting papers in sessions organized by the specific Technical Committee: $300 for first prize and $200 for second prize.

To qualify for each of these awards, an author must:

---be enrolled as a student at least half-time (graduates are eligible if the work being presented was performed as a student within one year of the meeting). Note that you do not need to be a member of the ASA to qualify.
--- be listed as the first author on the submitted abstract
---present the paper at the meeting
---submit a copy of the presentation materials or a written text to the online meeting papers website by the end of the meeting week, (this is not required for papers presented in a poster session or for entries in Animal Bioacoustics, Speech Communication and Underwater Acoustics)

The award winners will be selected by a subcommittee of each of the Technical Committees granting awards, based upon the quality of both the content of the paper and its presentation. The awards will be announced either at the meeting of the Technical Committee or after the close of the meeting.

All those who wish to participate in the competition for these awards must indicate their intention by putting the following statement at the bottom of the abstract submitted for the meeting:

For (name of appropriate Technical Committee) Best Student Paper Award


Note that you need not be a student to qualify for these two awards.

Noise and Signal Processing in Acoustics

Noise - Up to three awards of up to $250 each will be given for outstanding papers presented in sessions organized by the Technical Committee on Noise.

Signal Processing - One award of $500 each will be given for outstanding paper presented in a session organized by the Technical Committee on Signal Processing in Acoustics.

To qualify for an award, the paper author must:

---be under 30 years of age as of 1 January 2007
---be listed as the first author of the paper and actually present the paper

Selection of the award winners will be based on the quality of the presented paper, comprising both the content and its delivery. The award winners will be chosen by a subcommittee of the Technical Committee and will be announced after the close of the meeting.

The Award Subcommittees would like to consider papers by all authors who meet the eligibility criteria. Neither membership in the Acoustical Society, nor previous experience in the ASA, is required. Because the committees have no other way to identify eligible authors, however, it is essential that eligible authors identify themselves by placing the following statement at the bottom of the abstract submitted for the meeting:

Submitted For (name of appropriate Technical Committee) Young Presenter Award

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A tutorial presentation on "Weather and Acoustics" will be given by Alfred Bedard of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration on Tuesday, 27 November at 7:00 p.m.

The relationships between sound and weather can be fascinating, frightening, useful and at times mystifying. This tutorial lecture explores the range of intersections between weather and acoustics. Weather can affect acoustic environments causing noise increases, noise reductions, and sound focusing. One aspect of this tutorial reviews results from propagation modeling, indicating that under some conditions the atmosphere can produce vertical wave guides. Conversely, sound can be used to actively interrogate the atmosphere and provide information valuable for weather prediction and warning. Probing capabilities reviewed, with examples, show that wind profiles, temperature profiles, wind shears, gravity waves and inversions can be defined acoustically. There are also possibilities for monitoring other difficult-to-observe parameters such as humidity profiles. In addition, weather processes can generate sound, detectable at long ranges using lower frequencies. Specifically, observing networks have observed infrasound from a growing number of meteorological events (e.g., severe weather, tornadoes, funnels aloft, atmospheric turbulence, hurricanes, and avalanches). Efforts to develop an infrasonic tornado detection system are described in some detail. Results indicate promise to help improve tornado detection and warning lead times, while reducing false alarms. Clear opportunities exist for infrasonic systems to provide operational weather data.


Lecture notes will be available at the meeting in limited supply. Those who register by 29 October are guaranteed receipt of a set of notes.


To partially defray the cost of the lecture a registration fee is charged. The fee is $15.00 USD for registration received by 29 October and $25.00 USD at the meeting. The fee for students with current ID cards is $7.00 USD for registration received by 29 October and $12.00 USD at the meeting. To register, use the
registration form or register online at www.aip.org/ecomm/asa/meet_login.jsp. Return to Table of Contents



Signal processing methods capable of extracting the desired signal from hostile environments require approaches that capture all of the "a priori" information available and incorporate them into a processing scheme. This approach is typically model-based employing mathematical representations of the component processes involved. In this short course we develop the Bayesian approach to statistical signal processing in a tutorial fashion including the "next generation" of processors that have recently been enabled with the advent of high speed/high throughput computers. The course commences with an overview of Bayesian inference from batch to sequential processors. Once the evolving Bayesian paradigm is established, simulation-based methods using sampling theory and Monte Carlo realizations are discussed. Here the usual limitations of nonlinear approximations and non-Gaussian processes prevalent in classical nonlinear processing algorithms (e.g., Kalman filters) are no longer a restriction to perform Bayesian inference. Next, importance sampling methods are discussed and shown how they can be extended to sequential solutions. With this in mind, the concept of a particle filter, a discrete nonparametric representation of a probability distribution, is developed and shown how it can be implemented using sequential importance sampling/resampling methods to perform statistical inferences yielding a suite of popular estimators such as the conditional expectation, maximum a-posteriori and median filters. Finally, a set of applications are discussed comparing the performance of the particle filter designs with classical implementations (Kalman filters). Participants will be introduced to a variety of statistical signal processing techniques coupled with applications to demonstrate their capability.


To provide an introduction to the Bayesian approach to model-based signal processors and compare their performance to classical approaches in terms of applications. We present a detailed overview of the basic Bayesian model-based processors enabling the participant to construct simple processors for further investigations.


James V. Candy is the Chief Scientist for Engineering and former Director of the Center for Advanced Signal & Image Sciences at the University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory as well as an Adjunct Professor at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Dr. Candy is a Fellow of the IEEE and a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA) and Lifetime Member (Fellow) at the University of Cambridge (Clare Hall College). Dr. Candy received the IEEE Distinguished Technical Achievement Award for the "development of model-based signal processing in ocean acoustics." Dr. Candy was also recently selected as an IEEE Distinguished Lecturer for oceanic signal processing as well as presenting an IEEE tutorial on advanced signal processing available through their video website courses. He has authored three texts on signal processing, the most recent being, "Model-Based Signal Processing," Wiley/IEEE Press, 2006.


Saturday, 1 December, 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.


  • Introduction
  • Background into Bayesian approach
  • Monte Carlo (MC) methods for Bayesian inference
  • Bayesian sequential processor (BSP)
  • Model-based signal processing: (Kalman filters)
  • Bayesian approach to state-space processors
  • Simulation-based MC approach to BSP
  • Particle filtering for BSP
  • Performance analysis
  • Applications: towed array, normal-modes in shallow water, acoustics, etc.
  • Summary
  • Required Background

    Participants should have taken basic courses in random processes, statistics and linear systems theory.


    The registration fee is $250.00 USD and covers attendance, instructional materials and coffee breaks. The number of attendees will be limited so please register early to avoid disappointment. Only those who have registered by 29 October will be guaranteed receipt of instructional materials. There will be a $50.00 USD discount for registration made prior to 29 October. Full refunds will be made for cancellations prior to 29 October. Any cancellation after 29 October will be charged a $25.00 USD processing fee. To register, use the registration form or register online at www.aip.org/ecomm/asa/meet_login.jsp. If you miss the preregistration deadline and are interested in attending the course, please send an email to asa@aip.org.



    A student transportation subsidies fund has been established to provide limited funds to students to partially defray transportation expenses to meetings. Students presenting papers who propose to travel in groups using economical ground transportation will be given first priority to receive subsidies, although these conditions are not mandatory. No reimbursement is intended for the cost of food or housing. The amount granted each student depends on the number of requests received. To apply for a subsidy, submit a proposal (e-mail preferred) to be received by 17 October to: Elaine Moran, ASA, Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville, NY 11747-4502, Tel: 516-576-2359, Fax: 516-576-2377, E-mail:
    asa@aip.org. The proposal should include your status as a student; whether you have submitted an abstract; whether you are a member of ASA; method of travel; if traveling by auto; whether you will travel alone or with other students; names of those traveling with you; and approximate cost of transportation.


    The Committee on Women in Acoustics (WIA) is sponsoring a Young Investigator Travel Grant to help with travel costs associated with presenting a paper at the New Orleans meeting. Young professionals who have completed their doctorate in the past five years are eligible to apply if they plan to present a paper at the New Orleans meeting, are not currently students, and have not previously received the award. Each award will be of the order of $300 with three awards anticipated. Awards will be presented by check at the WIA luncheon at the meeting. Both men and women may apply. Applicants should submit a request for support, a copy of the abstract for their presentation at the meeting, and a current resume/vita which includes information on their involvement in the field of acoustics and in the ASA. Submission by e-mail is preferred to Dr. Helen Hanson at
    helen.hanson@alum.mit.edu. Deadline for receipt of applications is 17 October.


    The ASA Education Committee provides a way for a student to meet one-on-one with a member of the Acoustical Society over lunch. The purpose is to make it easier for students to meet and interact with members at ASA meetings. Each lunch pairing is arranged separately. Students who wish to participate should contact David Blackstock, University of Texas at Austin, by e-mail at
    dtb@mail.utexas.edu. Please provide your name, university, department, degree you are seeking (BS, MS, or PhD), research field, acoustical interests, and days you are free for lunch. The sign-up deadline is ten days before the start of the meeting, but an earlier sign-up is strongly encouraged. Each participant pays for his/her own meal.

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    Buffet socials with cash bar will be held on Wednesday and Friday evenings.

    The ASA Plenary session will be held on Thursday afternoon, 29 November, at the Sheraton where Society awards will be presented and recognition of newly-elected Fellows will be announced.

    A Fellows Luncheon will be held on Friday, 30 November, at 12:00 noon at the Sheraton. This luncheon is open to all attendees and their guests. To register, use the
    registration formor register online at www.aip.org/ecomm/asa/meet_login.jsp.


    The Women in Acoustics luncheon will be held on Thursday, 29 November. To register, use the
    registration form or register online at www.aip.org/ecomm/asa/meet_login.jsp. The fee is $15 (students $5) for pre-registration by 29 October and $20 (students $5) at the meeting.

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    The Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport, (Airport Code MSY) is served by the following airlines: AirTran, American Airlines, Continental Airlines, Delta Airlines, jetBlue, Northwest Airlines, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines, and U. S. Airways. For further information see


    The Airport is approximately 11 miles from the Central Business District.

    Taxicabs: A cab ride costs $28.00 USD from the airport to the Central Business District (CBD) for one or two persons and $12.00 USD (per passenger) for three or more passengers. Pick-up is on the lower level, outside the baggage claim area. There may be an additional charge for extra baggage. $1 fuel surcharge added to total fare.

    Airport Shuttle: Shuttle service is available from the airport to the hotels in the CBD for $13.00 USD (per person, one-way) or $26.00 USD (per person, round-trip). Three bags per person. Call 1-866-596-2699 or (504) 522-3500 for more details or to make a reservation. Advance reservations are required 48 hours prior to travel for all ADA accessible transfers. Ticket booths are located on the lower level in the baggage claim area. $2 fuel surcharge added to total fare.

    Airport-Downtown Express (E-2) Route: The Airport-Downtown Express (E-2) provides service from the Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport in Kenner, down Airline Drive into New Orleans. The Airport bus stop is on the second level of the Airport, near the Delta counter, in the median (look for the sign and bench). At Carrollton at Tulane it connects with RTA's 27-Louisiana and 39-Tulane buses. (Visit the RTA website to check their current schedules.) The Airport-Downtown Express (E-2) Bus picks up outside airport Entrance #7 on the upper level. The fare for the Airport-Downtown Express (E-2) is $1.10 USD. The fare boxes will accept $1, $5, $10, $20 dollar bills and all U.S. coins. The fare boxes will provide change in the form of a value card that can be used for future fares.

    Automobile Rental: There are seven rental agencies with offices on the lower level of the airport.

    Driving Information:

    From Louis Armstrong International Airport: Follow I-10 East to Poydras Street, Exit #234B. Turn left on Camp Street and proceed 3 blocks to Canal Street. The hotel is located on the right corner of Canal and Camp Streets.

    From the East: Follow I-10 West to Canal Street, Exit #235B. Turn right on Canal Street and proceed 10 blocks to Camp Street. The hotel is located on the right corner of Canal and Camp Streets.

    From the South: Follow the West Bank Expressway across the Mississippi River into downtown New Orleans and exit at Camp Street. Continue on Camp Street 4 blocks to Canal Street. The hotel is located on the right corner of Canal and Camp Streets.

    Valet parking service is available on a first come first serve basis (spaces are limited). Vehicles are secured in a covered garage adjacent to the hotel. Overnight parking rate for cars is $26.95 plus tax.


    The meeting will be held at the Sheraton New Orleans Hotel. Please make your reservations directly with the hotel and ask for one of the rooms being held for the Acoustical Society of America (ASA). The reservation cut-off date for the special discounted ASA rates is 1 November 2007; after this date, the conference rate will no longer be available. See information below for information on making hotel reservations.


    ASA will compile a list of people who wish to share an hotel room and its cost. To be listed, send your name, telephone number, e-mail address, gender, smoker or nonsmoker preference, by 15 October to the Acoustical Society of America, preferably by e-mail:
    asa@aip.org or by postal mail to Attn.: Room Sharing, Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville, NY 11747-4502. The responsibility for completing any arrangements for room sharing rests solely with the participating individuals.


    New Orleans has a subtropical climate with pleasant year-round temperatures. Rainfall is common in New Orleans, with a monthly average of about five inches of precipitation. Carrying a small foldable umbrella may be useful for showers. Average temperatures are between 70 deg F and 50 deg F in November with average rainfall of 4.1 inches.


    For the latest information about the city of New Orleans, please visit the
    New Orleans Convention and Visitors Bureau website at http://www.neworleanscvb.com/.

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    A block of guest rooms at discounted rates has been reserved for meeting participants at the Sheraton New Orleans Hotel. Early reservations are strongly recommended. Note that the special ASA meeting rates are not guaranteed after 1 November 2007. You must mention the Acoustical Society of America when making your reservations to obtain the special ASA meeting rates.


    Located on historic Canal Street, overlooking the Mississippi River and the French Quarter, the Sheraton New Orleans Hotel is a short walk from Bourbon Street, the Aquarium of the Americas, IMAX Theater, Riverwalk Marketplace, all the world-famous restaurants and live music clubs of the Vieux Carré.

    The hotel features a pool and fitness center. All rooms are equipped with coffee makers with complimentary coffee, color cable TV with in-room movies and video games (fee), Starwood Turbo Net High Speed Internet Access (fee), in-room safes, hair dryers, irons and ironing boards, telephone voice mail, video checkout, room service and dual-line telephones.

    Please make your reservation directly with the Sheraton. When making your reservation, you must mention the Acoustical Society of America to obtain the special ASA meeting rates. Alternatively, reservations can be made directly online at the site listed below, which has been set up specifically for the Acoustical Society of America, and has the conference rates and all applicable information incorporated into it.

    Sheraton New Orleans Hotel
    500 Canal Street
    New Orleans, LA 70130
    Tel.: 504-525-2500; Toll Free: 1-888-627-7033
    FAX: 504-595-5552

    Online: http://www.starwoodmeeting.com/StarGroupsWeb/res?id=0705236872&key=37743

    Rates (excluding taxes)
    Single/Double: $159.00 USD
    Club Level: $189.00 USD

    Taxes: 13% + $3.00 USD occupancy tax

    Reservation cut-off date: 1 November 2007

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    Meetings of Administrative, Technical and Standards Committees, including Working Groups, will be announced in the printed program if requests are received not later than 23 July 2007. Requests for meeting space, special luncheons, etc., should be made as early as possible to: Michael D. Richardson, Marine Geosciences Division, Code 7430, Naval Research Laboratory, Stennis Space Center, MS 39529-5004, mrichardson@nrlssc.navy.mil; Fax: (228) 688-5752

    Requests should be made by postal mail, fax or e-mail, and should specify the committee's needs for space, room arrangement, furnishings, catering, and any special equipment. Reservations will not be taken by phone. Requesters should note that space is limited, and that late requests can be filled only on a space-available basis.


    Anyone planning to attend the meeting who will require the use of an assistive listening device, is requested to advise the Society in advance of the meeting: Acoustical Society of America, Suite 1NO1, 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Melville, NY 11747-4502, asa@aip.org.


    Information concerning child care will be added to the meeting information on the ASA web site when details become available.


    Spouses and other visitors are welcome at the New Orleans meeting. The registration fee for accompanying persons is $50.00 for preregistration by 29 October and $75.00 at the meeting. A hospitality room for accompanying persons will be open at the Sheraton New Orleans Hotel from 8:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m., Tuesday through Friday. To "Pass a Good Time" in "New Awlins," programs including lectures and tour information are being planned for the ASA members, spouses, and other visitors accompanying them.

    New Orleans is "Food City," so the first speaker scheduled for Tuesday at 9:00 a.m. is restaurant critic Tom Fitzmorris. He's a well known popular host of a daily radio show - The Food Show - and author of 4 cookbooks. Check out his
    website, . He'll be bringing his latest cookbook and will be available for questions after his talk. Notably, more restaurants are open now than there were before Hurricane Katrina!

    Because there is so much to see and do in and around the Crescent City, on Wednesday at 9:00 a.m., Ann Leonard, a free lance tour guide and elder hostel lecturer will present a slide show and talk entitled "It's a New Orleans Thing," a fun talk about the city and its idiocyncracies.

    Ann will be able to tell you about the different tours available in the city. Her knowledge of the industry will give you the insight necessary to pick and choose what you want to do and where you want to go in the time available to you. For the tourist, New Orleans has recovered mightily from Hurricane Katrina. It caused wide spread flooding when some of the levees collapsed from the high wind-driven water. The uptown and downtown areas, scenic St. Charles Avenue, the parks, universities and French Quarter are completely restored, so you will not see the devastating effects of the storm unless you take a guided tour of the neighborhoods that have been unable to rebuild.

    There will be maps and tour information at the Hospitality Room desk where greeters will be able to assist you.

    Founded in 1718, New Orleans is truly a place apart, settled by the French and Spanish, and remaining so until after the Louisiana Purchase, when the "New Americans" moved south. It has its own food, its own culture, and its own rhythm (read music) - all a potpourri of influences mixed into one gumbo pot and emerging with its unique flavor. The ASA will offer a lecture on the history of the area.

    Also rich in history is the Mardi Gras - not just a day, but a season, and for many a way of life. "Laissez Les Bon Temp Roule," (Let the Good Times Roll). You'll enjoy hearing about its traditions and how it influences the character of the city.

    Please check the ASA website for updates about the accompanying persons program.

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    The registration desk at the meeting will open on Tuesday, 27 November, at the Sheraton New Orleans Hotel.
    Register online or use the downloadable registration form If your registration is not received at the ASA headquarters by 29 October you must register on-site.

    Registration fees are as follows:
                                 		Preregistration by  	Onsite Registration
    Category                     		29 October           		
    ASA Members		            		$350                	$425      
    ASA Members One-Day*   				$175                	$215
    Nonmembers                    			$400                	$475
    Nonmembers One-Day*            			$200                	$240
    Nonmember Invited Speakers
    One Day Only*			    		$0                  	$0
    Nonmember Invited Speakers Full Week		$110			$110
    (Includes one-year ASA membership 
    upon completion of an ASA application)
    ASA Student Members
    with current ID cards)        			$0                  	$25
    Student Nonmembers            			$40			$55
    (with current ID cards)
    Emeritus members of ASA       			$50            	   	$75      
    (Emeritus status pre-approved by ASA)
    Accompanying Persons          			$50                 	$70
    (Spouses and other registrants who 
    will not participate in the technical 

    *One-day registration is for participants who will attend the meeting for only one day. If you will be at the meeting for more than one day either presenting a paper and/or attending sessions, you must register and pay the full registration fee.

    Nonmembers who simultaneously apply for Associate Membership in the Acoustical Society of America will be given a $50 discount off their dues payment for the first year (2008) of membership. Invited speakers who are members of the Acoustical Society of America are expected to pay the registration fee, but nonmember invited speakers may register for one-day only without charge. A nonmember invited speaker who pays the full-week registration fee, will be given one free year of membership upon completion of an ASA application form.



    Online registration is now available at asa.aip.org.

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    Instructions for the preparation and submission of abstracts on the World Wide Web are provided online.

    Acknowledgment that your abstract has been accepted into the database will be issued online automatically in the form of a "Resubmission number" and PIN. PLEASE NOTE THAT UNTIL THESE HAVE BEEN ISSUED YOUR ABSTRACT HAS NOT BEEN ENTERED INTO THE DATABASE.

    1. Web Abstract Submission Procedure is accessed on ASA Home Page at

    2. Click on "Submit Abstract for the New Orleans meeting" from the main page

    3. Enter Password: Louisiana

    4. Next screen will ask you to indicate whether you are submitting a new abstract, wish to view a previously submitted abstract without making any changes or edit a previously submitted abstract.

    5. When "New Abstract" is selected, the next screen will contain instructions for selecting the format in which to prepare your abstract, i.e., either straight text or LaTeX. Straight text should be used for abstracts that do not contain any special characters or fonts such as bold, italics, etc. LaTeX should be used for abstracts that contain boldface, italics, speech symbols or mathematical expressions. Select format and click Continue.

    6. The next screen will contain a blank template for entering abstract text, author information and other data needed to submit abstract, e.g., Technical Area, presentation format, etc. Online help and an example of a completed template are available from this screen.

    7. After completing all REQUIRED and OPTIONAL sections of the template, click Continue. Your abstract will then be processed by a program to detect errors.

    8. If the abstract is free of errors, the next screen titled "Good Abstract" will confirm the absence of errors and will display the abstract as it will appear in the printed program. Also shown will be the author contact information. You will be asked to either submit the abstract as it appears or whether you wish to make changes before final submission. If you wish to make changes prior to final abstract submission, the template containing your abstract will be returned to the screen.

    9. If the abstract contains errors, a screen is displayed describing the error and giving the approximate line number where the error appears in the LaTeX source file for your abstract. You can either return immediately to the template and fix the error if you know its location or view the LaTeX source document to locate the line on which the error appears. Each line in the source document is numbered for easy location of errors. After locating the errors return to the template to make corrections and resume the submission process.

    10. When you are ready for final submission of the abstract, the next screen will contain the Resubmission number and PIN for your submission. This is your acknowledgment that the abstract has been entered into the database. Please retain this number should you wish to view or edit this abstract at a later time (prior to the deadline date). Note that a Resubmission Number and PIN will be issued for each new abstract or resubmission of a previously submitted abstract.

    11. If you wish to view a previously submitted abstract without making any changes, select "view only." The next screen will ask for the Resubmission Number and PIN issued at the time you submitted the abstract originally.

    When these numbers are entered, the template containing your abstract will be provided. If you do not have the Resubmission and PIN numbers, instructions on how to obtain them are given online. After viewing abstract click exit. You will not receive a new PIN and Resubmission number since you did not make any changes to your original submission.

    12. If you wish to revise and resubmit your abstract, select "Resubmission." The next screen will ask for the Resubmission Number and PIN issued at the time you submitted the abstract originally. When these numbers are entered, the template containing your abstract will be provided. If you do not have the Resubmission and PIN numbers, instructions on how to obtain them are given online.

    Please remember to use the view only option if you wish to check your abstract without making any changes.

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    1. For each meeting paper, one copy of a typed or printed abstract should be sent to the Technical Program Chair of the meeting in time to be received by Monday, 23 July 2007. Allow at least 5 days for delivery within the U.S., and longer from other countries. The Chair's address can be found in the "Abstract Submission Guidelines" section of this Call for Papers. If the paper has been invited for a special session, another copy of the abstract should be sent to the session organizer at least a week before the deadline. Telefaxed abstracts will not be accepted. A cover letter is not necessary.

    2. Limit abstract to 200 words. Count each word in the body of the abstract but do not count title or authors' names and addresses. Indicate number of words in the abstract at the bottom of the sheet. Displayed equations that are set apart from the text count as 40 words. The Program Organizing Committee has the option to alter abstracts to bring them into compliance with the 200-word limit.

    3. Use the format shown in the sample abstract. The paper title and author's name, affiliation, and address should be in a heading set apart from the abstract text. The author's affiliation and address should be set within parentheses, and should be sufficiently complete to ensure delivery of the acceptance notice. If there is more than one author, give the complete address for the author who is to receive the notice. For each of the other authors, give one complete address. One email address will be included in the printed program for each abstract. This should appear immediately after the mailing address for the author whose email address is to be listed.

    4. The entire abstract, consisting of the heading, text and the information requested in Section 9 below, must fit on one side of an 8½ x 11-in. or A-4 sheet of paper. The heading and text should be typed or printed double spaced (3 lines/inch), with 10 or 12-point font; but the information requested in Section 9 may be single spaced.

    5. Do not use footnotes. References and acknowledgments should be set within square brackets. References should be in standard JASA format, viz., in the sequence: authors, abbreviated journal name, volume number, first and last page numbers, and year.

    6. Underline nothing except what is to be italicized.

    7. Use passives instead of pronouns "I" and "we," e.g., "It was noted" instead of "We noted." Avoid use of non-standard abbreviations in abstract title. For example, use dB or Hz but avoid use of abbreviations which are not used across many technical areas such as HRTF, NDE, etc.

    8. If the letter "I" appears as a symbol, loop the letter by hand to form a long-hand l and write "lc ell" in the margin, so as to distinguish it from the number one. If the letter "O" may be confused with the number zero, write "cap oh" in the margin. Identify phonetic symbols by appropriate marginal notes.

    9. Give the following information at the bottom of the abstract, as in the sample:

    a. Indicate the number of words in the body of the abstract (see item 2 above)

    b. If the paper is intended for a special session, indicate the session title. If invited, state "Invited."

    c. Choose and list the Technical Committee most nearly coinciding with the subject matter of the paper. Current Technical Committees are: Acoustical Oceanography, Animal Bioacoustics, Architectural Acoustics, Biomedical Ultrasound/Bioresponse to Vibration, Engineering Acoustics, Musical Acoustics, Noise, Physical Acoustics, Psychological and Physiological Acoustics, Signal Processing in Acoustics, Speech Communication, Structural Acoustics and Vibration and Underwater Acoustics.

    d. The name, telephone and telefax numbers (with country and city codes if outside the U.S.) and email address of the author to be contacted for information. Notices and other correspondence will be sent to the author who is listed as the first author in the heading unless stated otherwise at the bottom of the abstract.

    e. Describe special equipment desired for the presentation other than a PC computer with audio playback capability and projector, overhead projector or laser pointer. Note that facilities for VCR's and monitors or dual slide and/or overhead projection are considered special equipment. See the section on audio visual equipment for further details.

    f. Indicate a preference (if any) for lecture or poster presentation. If only a lecture presentation is desired, state "Lecture Only," in which case the paper may not be accepted if time is not available. Contributed papers in Speech Communication are encouraged to be submitted for poster presentation.

    g. List one complete PACS subject classification number including letters (for example, 43.28.Ae) under which the abstract should be indexed in the braces following PACS (see the "PACS list, in a recent June or December issue of JASA or via ftp in the /PACS directory of ftp.aip.org)

    h. If you want to enter your paper in one of the available Best Student Paper Award competitions.

    i. Certify that you have complied with the that you have complied with the Ethical Principles of the Acoustical Society of America for Research Involving Human and Non-Human Animals in Research and Publishing and Presentations by entering the following statement: "I have complied with ASA Ethical Principles"


    Binaural loudness summation for tones and noise. Albert B. Jones, Jr. (Dept. of Psychology,

    Northeastern Univ., 1600 Massachusetts Ave., Boston, MA 02115, abj@server.edu) and Irene J.

    Knox (Boston Univ., Boston, MA 02115) The relation between binaural and monaural loudness

    was measured by magnitude stimation for a 1000-Hz tone and for band-limited white noise.

    Four types of stimuli--monaural and binaural tone, monaural and binaural noise--were presented

    frontally at eight sound pressure levels (SPL) in mixed randomly selected sequences. Subjects

    were instructed to rate the four stimuli according to a single loudness scale. The loudness of the

    monaural and binaural tones was found to be a power function of the mean square sound

    pressure, with an exponent near 0.5. The loudness of the noise increased more rapidly at low

    SPL than loudness of the tone; at high SPL it increased more slowly. The bow shape of the noise

    function would be predicted from loudness matches between wide-band and narrow-band

    stimuli. A sound perceived binaurally was 1.3 to 1.7 times louder than sound of the same SPL

    perceived monaurally. Results of these direct loudness estimations agree almost perfectly with

    earlier results [D.E. McGee and I.J. Knox, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 57, 55-62 (1975)] from another

    group of subjects who made loudness matches between binaural and monaural stimuli. [Work

    supported by NSF.]

    Number of words in abstract: 187
    Suggested for special session on Loudness and Perception
    Technical Area: Psychological and Physiological Acoustics
    Special facility: VCR and 25" color monitor
    PACS Subject Classification number(s): 43.66.Cb
    Method of presentation: Prefer lecture but willing to give as poster
    Human/Animal Subjects: "I certify that I have complied with ASA Guiding Principles"
    Student Paper Competition: P&P Telephone Number: 516-576-2360 (I. J. Knox)
    FAX: 516-576-2377
    Send notice to: I. J. Knox
    Email: ijk@server.com

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    Fred C. DeMetz - General Chair
    George E. Ioup and Juliette Ioup - Technical Program Cochairs
    Sharon DeMetz/Jeanne Richardson - Food Service/Social Events
    William Sanders/Dennis Lindwall - Audio-Visual
    Sharon DeMetz/Jeanne Richardson - Accompanying Persons Program
    Richad Keiffer/Josette Fabre - Signs
    Michael D. Richardson - Meeting Room Coordinator
    Guy V. Norton - Posters
    Becky Rotundo - Publicity
    Fred C. DeMetz - Technical Tour
    Michael D. Richardson - Fellows Luncheon

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